Fluid and Fluid therapy review Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Fluid and Fluid therapy review Deck (28)
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1

Adult animals are ____% of water
A). 10
B). 50
C). 60
D). 80

C). 60%

*neonates can be up to 80% water

2

60% of water is what?
A). Intracellular fluid
B). Extracellular fluid
C). Interstitial
D). Intravascular

A). Intracellular fluid

3

What term is " An abnormal decrease in blood volume"?
A). Pulmonary Edema
B). Pleural Effusion
C). Hypovolemia
D). Ascites

C). Hypovolemia

4

What term is " an abnormal accumulation of fluid in the pleural space"?
A). Pulmonary Edema
B). Pleural Effusion
C). Hypovolemia
D). Ascites

B). Plaeural Effusion

5

What term is " an abnormal accumulation of fluid in the abdomen"?
A). Pulmonary Edema
B). Pleural Effusion
C). Hypovolemia
D). Ascites

D). Ascites

6

What term is " An abnormal accumulation of fluid WITHIN THE LUNGS"?
A). Pulmonary Edema
B). Pleural Effusion
C). Hypovolemia
D). Ascites

A). Pulmonary Edema

7

Which term means decrease in pH?
A). Alkalosis
B). Acidosis

B). Acidosis

8

What are the 4 sources of water intake?

water an animal drinks, consumed in food, produced via metabolism, administered fluids

9

What is an example of sensible losses of water?

NORMAL urine output

10

What is an example of Insensible losses of water?

Feces, respiration

11

What is an example of contemorary losses of water?

Losses due to illness
* Fever, vomiting, diarrhea, polyuria, extensive burns

12

If an animals tented skin doesn't return to normal, and eyes are sunken, what percent of dehydration is estimated?
A). <5 %
B). 10-12%
C). 6-8%
D). 12-15%

B). 10-12%

13

Why might an animal need fluids?

To correct dehydration, to prevent excess fluid loss

14

What are the two types of fluids?
A). Crystalloids
B). Colloids
C). Both

C). Both
*crystalloids and colloids

15

Crystalloids are classified as:
A). Replacement
B). Maintenance
c). Both

C). both replacement and maintenance

16

Which fluid type would you use for dehydration & shock?
A). Crystalloid
B). Colloid

A). Crystalloid

17

What is an example of a replacement crystalloid?

LRS, Normal Saline (0.9% NaCI), Plasmalyte A, and Normosol R

18

What is an example of a Maintenance Crystalloid?

Half strength saline (0.45% NaCI) + dextrose, Lactates Ringer's, Lactated Ringers+ dextrose, Plasmalyte 56

19

What type of fluid would you use for shock, hypovolemia, sepsis?
A). Crystalloid
B). Colloid

B). Colloid

20

What is an example of Colloid?

Plasma, Hetastarch, Dextrans, Oxyglobin

21

What term is " Fluid moves equally between compartments"?
A). Isotonic
B). Hypertonic
C). Hypotonic

A). Isotonic

22

What term is " Fluid is pulled out of the cells, causing crenation of RBC"?
A). Isotonic
B). Hypertonic
C). Hypotonic

B). Hypertonic

23

What term is " Fluid moves into the cells"?
A). Isotonic
B). Hypertonic
C). Hypotonic

C). Hypotonic

24

What is an example of Isotonic fluids?

LRS, 0.9% NaCI (used in emergencies), plasmalyte, 5% dextrose, normosol

25

What is an example of Hypertonic fluids?

0.9% NaCI plus 5% dextrose

26

Example of Hypotonic fluids

Sterile water 0.45% NaCI

27

What are some routes of fluid administration?

Oral, Subcutaneous, Intravenous, Intraosseous, Intraperitoneal

28

What is some signs of over hydration?

Restlessness, tachycardia, dyspnea, increased body weight