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Flashcards in Fluid/electrolytes Deck (56)
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1

This category of vitamins are metabolized SLOWLY, stored in fatty tissue and muscle; excreted SLOWLY in the urine:

FAT SOLUBLE VITAMINES: A, D, E, K

2

This category of vitamins are NOT stored in the body, readily secreted in the urine, minimal protein binding:

WATER SOLUBLE VITAMINES: B1, B2, B3, B6, B12, FOLIC ACIDE (FLOLATE), C

3

This vitamine is required for development/maintenance of EYES/gume/teeth/skin/hair; NEEDED FOR FAT METABOLISM:

A

4

A pt shows S/S of dry skin, poor teeth development, NIGHT BLINDNESS. This pt is deficit in:

A

5

This vitamin promotes USE OF PHOSPHORUS AND CALCIUM; important for stron teeth and bones:

D

6

You have a mother and child come in and the mother has osteomylitis and her child has rickets. They are deficit in:

D

7

This vitamin PROTECTS FATTY ACIDS, PROMOTES FUNCTION OF RBCs/MUSCLE/TISSUES (MAY PROLONG PT TIME AND SHOULD BE CONSIDERED WITH IRON):

E (iron interferes with E absorption=don't take together)

8

This vitamine is ESSENTIAL FOR CLOTTING:

K

9

What vitamin is given if a pt's overdosed on coumadin:

K

10

The pt has an increased clotting time which will later lead to hemorrhage and bleeding. The pt is deficit in what:

K

11

These vitamines promote a sense of well being/increased energy/decreased anger. These vitamins are known as the:

Vitamin B complex

12

This vitamin is commonly used for EtOH pts, helps to convert carbs into energy:

Thiamine (B1)

13

Your pt has memory loss and confusion. The MD dx him as Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrom d/t Beriberi. This pt lacks what:

Thiamine (B1)

14

This vitamin is given to pts to manage MIGRAINES, dermatologic problems. 

Riboflavin (B2)

15

This vitamin is given to pts with PELLAGRA (DRY,FLAKEY SKIN), HYPERLIPIDEMIA.

Niacin (B3)

16

This vitamin is usually given to pts taking INH; ALLEVIATES NEURITIS; building block for nucleic acids/RBCs/Hgb:

Pyridoxine (B6)

17

What vitamin is given to neonates for SZ:

pyridoxine (B6)

18

What is the normal dose of vitamine C on the floor:

500 mg

19

This vitamin aids in the ABSORPTION OF IRON/FOLIC ACID; collagen/lipid synthesis; carb metabolism:

 C

20

This vitamin is given to increase wound healing, burns, integrity of bld vessels, scurvy:

C

21

What term defines the massive doses of vitamins, can casue toxicity, results in minimal desired effect:

megavitamin therapy

22

How is megavitamin therapy D/C:

gradually to prevent vitamin deficiency

23

This vitamin is needed for baby growth d/t synthesizing DNA:

folic acid (folate)

24

It's been about 4 mo since you last seen your pt. You notice that your pt is anorexic, N/V/D, and alopecia. Your pt may be deficit in what vitamin:

folic acid (folate-takes 2-4mo to notice S/S)

25

What is the amount of folic acid (folate) that mothers are to take and what could occur if the mother is deficit:

400 mcg; spinabifida/anencephaly (lack of brain mass)

26

This vitamin aids in the conversion of folic acid to promote cellular division, DNA synthesis, hematopoiesis/maintains nervous system:

B12

27

B12 deficiencies are seen commonly in what type of pts and what's the antidote:

vegans/GI disorders; cyanocobalamin

28

This mineral is VITAL FOR HGB REGENERATION; given primarily to correct anemais:

iron (ferrous sulfate)

29

What is the prophylactic dose of ferrous sulfate:

300-325 mg

30

What is the therpeutic dose of ferrous sulfate:

600-1200 mg