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Flashcards in Food And Nutrition Deck (21)
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Wha are the functions of food

Growth energy warmth and protection against disease.

1

What are the factors effecting food choice

Cost, availability, lifestyle, culture, nutritional value and the senses

2

What are the four tastes sensed by the tastebuds

Sweet, Sour, Bitter, and Salty

3

What are staple foods

Foods which are plentiful and most commonly eaten in a country.

4

What is a nutrient

A chemical in food that nourishes the body.

5

What are macronutrients

Nutrients needed in large amounts e.g proteins, fats and carbohydrates.

6

What are micronutrients

Nutrients needed in small amounts e.g vitamins and minerals

7

What are proteins

Needed for growth, repair, heat and energy. They are made up of amino acids. They are classified into high biological value and low biological value protein.

8

WHat are fats

They are made from fatty acids and glycerol.

9

What are fats classified in

Fats are classified in saturated fats and unsaturated fats

10

What are carbohydrates

Carbohydrates are made up of simple sugars called glucose

11

What are the three groups carbohydrates are divided into

Sugars starches and fibre

12

What does fibre help with

Fibre helps with the movement of food through the body

13

What happens when cereals are refined

The fibre is removed

14

What two groups are vitamins divided into

Water soluble ( vitamin B &C )
Fat soluble ( Vitamin A, D, E & K )

15

What is hypervitaminosis

Hypervitaminosis is caused by excess of vitamin A & D in your diet.

16

What are trace minerals

Nutrients needed in small amounts

17

What is calcium

Calcium is necessary for healthy bones and teeth

18

What is iron

Iron is necessary to form haemoglobin in red bold cells

19

How does oxidation occur

It occurs when oxygen burns up food in the body's cells, releasing the energy.

20

What does energy balance mean

Energy balance means that energy input must be equal to energy output in order to have the correct body weight