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Exam 3- Anatomy > Foot > Flashcards

Flashcards in Foot Deck (35)
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functions of foot arches

1. absorb shock during weightbearing
2. makes foot adaptable to surface and weight changes


two foot arches

longitudinal arch
transverse arch


longitudinal arch consists of

medial and lateral parts

– formed by calcaneus, talus, navicular, three cuneiforms, and medial three metatarsals

– formed by calcaneus, cuboid, and lateral two metatarsals


transverse arch

• runs between medial and lateral longitudinal arches

• formed by cuboid, three cuneiforms, and metatarsal bases


pes planes

flat feed

results from failed arches (typically medial parts of longitudinal arch)

plantar ligaments and plantar aponeurosis become abnormally stretched and can't support the head

causes taller head to become prominent