Foreign Relations 1951-64 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Foreign Relations 1951-64 Deck (26)
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1

What was Britain a bridge between?

America and Europe

2

How much Marshall aid did Britain receive between 1948 and 52?

$3.3 billion
More than any other country

3

Why was Britain given Marshall aid?

Americans believed that communism thrived on poverty and when Britain had to pull out if Greece it showed them how poor and damaged ww2 had left Britain

4

Why did Britain receive the most Marshall aid?

Supported America durin Cold War was a close and ally and bridge to Europe

5

Why does the Marshall plan make Britain look weak?

Relying so heavily on America for rebuilding the economy however support of such a strong country like America also strengthens Britain

6

How much aid did the Marshall plan provide to 16 countries in Europe?

13.5 billion

7

How many British soldiers died in the Korean War 1950-53?

Over 1000

8

In the 1950s what was the second most important currency in the world after the U.S. Dollar?

The Deutsche Mark

9

How did the EEC strengthen Germany?

Increased trade with other nations - common market

10

What is the EFTA?

European fair trade area

11

When was the EFTA set up?6

1959

12

Who was in the EFTA?

Denmark Norway Sweden Austria Switzerland Portugal - a bit rubbish

13

What year did Macmillan apply for entry to the EEC?

1961

14

Why did Britain want to join the EEC?

American pressure - bridge
-belief in britains imperial power shaken by suez
Foreign policy aims - keep position in Europe
Pre war trade no longer existed EEC was seen as vital to economy to increase exports

15

What happened to GBS % of world trade 1951-1959?

Down 5%

16

Why was Britain refused entry into the EEC?

De Gaulle vetoed
- wanted to preserve EEC being controlled by France and Germany
GB still had empire and special relationship

17

What was the foundation for the EEC?

France and Germany
Schuman plan of 1950
- coal and steel community

18

Why was the EEC created?

Thaw wartime enemies
Promote rapid economic reconstruction
Common market

19

How did Britain feel about the creation of the EEC?

Strongly supported it
Observed and encouraged other nations in Messina 1955 but didn't want to join

20

Why did Britain initially not want to join the EEC?

An island didn't feel part of Europe had special relationship didn't need EEC
National consensus not to join
Labour suspicious of common market
Preserve trade links with empire

21

When was the treaty of Rome that became the EEC?

1957

22

Who became the EEC?

France Germany Italy Belgium Luxembourg Netherlands

23

What was the Schuman plan?

Proposals for coal and steel community to integrate France and German heavy industry to promote economic reconstruction and bond together historic enemies

24

Up to what date was there an open entry for Britain to join the EEC?

1957

25

What was a shock to the system and caused British attitudes towards the EEC to shift?

Suez crisis

26

When did Britain become a founder member of NATO?

1949