The Political Scene 1951-64 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in The Political Scene 1951-64 Deck (81)
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1

What were the 5 threats to the establishment?

Drugs
Younger generation
Media
Violence
Sexual freedoms

2

Who won the first post war election in 1945?

Labour

3

Name 8 successes labour had whilst they were in power

From 1948 $1250 million Marshall aid
Joined NATO
By 1950 exports 75% higher than before war
By 1948 rationing removed from MOST items
Welfare state - NHS + national insurance 1946
1951 -70 society remained same as set by Atlees govt
India gain independence
Started nuclear programme

4

What is AJP Taylor's opinion on labours success?

Great Britain had to seek an American loan and then Marshall aid
British people experienced years of deprivation with some rationing continuing until 1953

5

What is Ronald Quinaults opinion on labours success?

The massive labour majority at the 1945 general election was largely removed at the 1950 election

6

What are TVs like in 1951?

Incredibly rare
Tiny screens and flickering images
Important as make information mainstream

7

Give some examples of society in 1951

Private cars minority
No motorways
No supermarkets
Rationing
Steam railways the mode of transport
Pollution from heavy industry
Marriage was an end to work for women
Sunday's everywhere closed
Holidays two weeks at seaside resort

8

When was the festival of Britain?

1951

9

What was the landscape like in 1950s?

Vacant bomb sites
Unprepared houses
Prefabs
Gardens are allotments

10

What were young men called up for in the 1950s?

Two years national service

11

When was the Korean War and how many soldiers were killed?

1950-53
750

12

How much of the GDP is spent on defence in 1950?

6.6%
(More than any major country exept USSR)

13

What is Britain in 1952?

Worlds third nuclear power

14

What was still rationed in 1950s?

Butter
Meat
Tea
Coal

15

What did the nationalisation of the railways in 1947 do?

End international competition

16

How many people did the London smog of 1952 kill?

4000
Lasted five days

17

How much world trade was the UK in 1950?

1/4

18

What is the most prosperous city in Europe in 1950 per capita?

Leicester - centre of hosiery trade

19

What employed over 2 million people in the 50s?

State owned industries

20

What is the statistic for car ownership in the 50s?

Only one car per sixteen people

21

What was the immigration like in the 50s?

3% of pop born over seas
Fewer than 140 000 blacks and Asians

22

What does opinion poll evidence suggest?

In 1950 Britons were generally happier

23

How many cinemas were there in 1950?

5000

24

What were people scared of in the 1951 general election?

Labour was stopping the country improving quickly because of the bureaucratic socialism

25

Why did people want equality and state control in the 50s?

Ww1
The depression
Ww2

26

What does the renationalisation of the industries mean?

People have jobs

27

What are the two main reasons the conservatives were able to take power in the 1951 election?

Agreed with labours ideas because of wartime collectivism
Learnt the people wanted socialism so changed their policies to suit this

28

What is the only thing the conservatives changed to government when they took power in 1951?

Denationalised the steel industry and road transport

29

By how much did the conservatives win the 1951 election?

Not very much - not a strong enough position to change Atlees legacy

30

What was the role of prime minister like in the 1950s?

More of a part time job