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Flashcards in forestry Deck (56)
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1

What is the forest conservation act?

1991
Act to reduce the number of forested areas cleared for different types of development in Maryland.

2

What is the roadside tree act?

1914
developed to ensure the compatability of roadside trees with an efficient and dependable public utility system

3

Wha is the reforestation act?

1988
For every one or more acres of forest destroyed they must replant within one year

4

What is the critical area act?

1984
Requires the first one hundred feet of land around banks to be left alone ad managed

5

Name the succession stages in order.

meadow
shrub
young forest
mature forest
climax forest

6

What plants, insects and animals are present in the meadow stage?

grasses sedges forbs
crickets beetles grasshoppers
songbirds rabbits groundhogs mice and voles

7

What plants, insects and animals are present in the shrub stage?

sweet gum pine cherry sassafras
rodents fox deer raccoon weasel

8

What plants, insects and animals are present in the young forest stage?

oak maple sweet gum some pines
squirrels opossum chipmunks owls woodpeckers

9

What plants, insects and animals are present in the mature forest stage?

deciduous trees
shrubs and herbaceous plants

10

What plants, insects and animals are present in the climax forest stage?

Fox, bobcat, and wolves
termites and carpenter ants

11

What natural factors affect forest sucession?

volcanoes hurricanes flood wildfire climate change windstorms

12

What human factors affect forest sucession?

farming
tree harvesting
soil erosion
road building
introduced species
fire

13

What is primary sucession?

succession where no soil exists

14

What is secondary sucession?

succession where soil is already present

15

What are lichens and other early arriving organisms known as?

pioneer species

16

What are lichens?

a combination of algae and fungi that lives on and breaks down rock

17

What is the age range of a meadow?

0-5

18

What is the age range of a shrub?

6-25

19

What is the age range of a young forest?

26-50

20

What is the age range of a mature forest?

51-150

21

What is the age range of a climax forest?

150-300

22

What is an example of mast?

acorns

23

What are snags?

dead trees

24

What is the removal of all trees from an area; the most common but controversial type of logging?

clear cutting

25

What is it called when mature trees are cut individually or in small clusters while the rest of the forest remains intact?

selective tree cutting

26

What is it called when almost all trees are harvested except a scattering of desirable trees left behind spread seeds?

seed tree method

27

What is it called when one crop or species covers a particular area?

monoculture

28

What is performed on even aged stands to redistribute the growth potential of the crop trees?

thinning

29

What are protected zones that connect isolated unlogged areas?

wildlife corridors

30

What is it called when a small number of trees are left behind to provide shelter for seedlings?

Shelterwood Method