Flashcards in forestry Deck (56)
What is the forest conservation act?
Act to reduce the number of forested areas cleared for different types of development in Maryland.
What is the roadside tree act?
developed to ensure the compatability of roadside trees with an efficient and dependable public utility system
Wha is the reforestation act?
For every one or more acres of forest destroyed they must replant within one year
What is the critical area act?
Requires the first one hundred feet of land around banks to be left alone ad managed
Name the succession stages in order.
What plants, insects and animals are present in the meadow stage?
grasses sedges forbs
crickets beetles grasshoppers
songbirds rabbits groundhogs mice and voles
What plants, insects and animals are present in the shrub stage?
sweet gum pine cherry sassafras
rodents fox deer raccoon weasel
What plants, insects and animals are present in the young forest stage?
oak maple sweet gum some pines
squirrels opossum chipmunks owls woodpeckers
What plants, insects and animals are present in the mature forest stage?
shrubs and herbaceous plants
What plants, insects and animals are present in the climax forest stage?
Fox, bobcat, and wolves
termites and carpenter ants
What natural factors affect forest sucession?
volcanoes hurricanes flood wildfire climate change windstorms
What human factors affect forest sucession?
What is primary sucession?
succession where no soil exists
What is secondary sucession?
succession where soil is already present
What are lichens and other early arriving organisms known as?
What are lichens?
a combination of algae and fungi that lives on and breaks down rock
What is the age range of a meadow?
What is the age range of a shrub?
What is the age range of a young forest?
What is the age range of a mature forest?
What is the age range of a climax forest?
What is an example of mast?
What are snags?
What is the removal of all trees from an area; the most common but controversial type of logging?
What is it called when mature trees are cut individually or in small clusters while the rest of the forest remains intact?
selective tree cutting
What is it called when almost all trees are harvested except a scattering of desirable trees left behind spread seeds?
seed tree method
What is it called when one crop or species covers a particular area?
What is performed on even aged stands to redistribute the growth potential of the crop trees?
What are protected zones that connect isolated unlogged areas?