Forms of Shock Flashcards Preview

SURGERY: 5 Schwartz Shock > Forms of Shock > Flashcards

Flashcards in Forms of Shock Deck (15)
Loading flashcards...
1

Most common type of shock in surgical or trauma patient

hemorrhagic/hypovolemic

2

Result of acute blood loss EXCEPT
a. reflexive decreased baroreceptor stimulation
b. sympathetic stimulation
c. increased output from atrial stretch receptors
d. release of epinephrine and norepinephrine

C

3

T/F
Shock in trauma patient should be presumed to be due to hemorrhage until proven otherwise

T

4

Patient A with hemorrhagic shock, stable vital signs, no CNS symptoms has a percentage blood loss of _____ and estimated volume of blood loss of _____

<15%, 750mL

5

Patient B with tachycardia (>120 bpm) and hypotension has approximated % blood loss of _____ and estimated volume of blood loss of _____.

30-40%, 1,500-2000mL

6

Patient C with tachycardia (>100bpm) and orthostatic hypotension has approximated % blood loss of _____ and estimated volume of blood loss of _____.

15-30%, 750-1,500mL

7

What is the CNS symptom of C? (tachycardia and orthostatic hypotension)

Anxiety

8

What is the CNS symptom of patient B? (tachycardia and hypotension )

Confusion

9

What is the CNS symptom of patient A ? (stable vitals)

none

10

Patient D Obtunded with HR >140bpm, and severe hypotension has approximated % blood loss of _____ with estimated volume of _____?

>2,000

11

In the non-trauma patient, ______ must always be considered as a site for blood loss

GI tract

12

The pleural cavity can hold how many L of fluid?

2-3L

13

Retroperitoneal hemorrhage typically occurs inassociation with _______

pelvic fractures

14

In the resuscitation bay, what confirms retroperitoneal hemorrhage secondary to pelvic fractures?

pelvic radiography

15

In damage control resuscitation, initial resuscitation is limited to keep SBP around __ to __ mmHg

80 to 90