Foundations of Exercise Science (Ch2) Flashcards Preview

Group Fit Cert > Foundations of Exercise Science (Ch2) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Foundations of Exercise Science (Ch2) Deck (33):
1

Scapular retraction is to A as Scapular pronation is to B

A) Cow Pose
B) Cat Pose

2

Movement of the shoulder blades fwd & away from spine is called __________.

Scapular Pronation

3

Name 3 yoga poses that are examples of scapular retraction

1. Dhanurasana (Bow Pose)
2. Humble Warrior (Baddha Virabhadrasana)
3. Locust (Salabhasana)

4

Movement of shoulder blades toward the spine is called ________.

Scapular Retraction

5

1. Term for lateral movement of the foot, rotating outward.
2. Term for lateral movement of the foot, rotating inward.

1. Eversion
2. Inversion

6

Name 4 joint actions in the frontal plane

1. Abduction
2. Adduction
3. Eversion (ankle)
4. Inversion (ankle)

7

Name 4 joint actions in the saggital plane

1. Flexion
2. Extension
3. Dorsiflexion
4. Plantar flexion

8

Match each exercise set to its plane of moment.
A) Walking, cycling, squatting
B) Jumping jacks, side lunges
C) Lying twist, Parivrtta Utkatasana

A) Saggital
B) Frontal
C) Transverse

9

1. Transverse plane governs what type of movement?

2. How does it divide a body?

1. Twisting

2. Top and Bottom Halves

10

Frontal plane governs movement in what directions?

Lateral movement (side to side)

11

What direction does the frontal plane "face" relative to a body? *wall analogy

Parallel

12

How does the frontal plane divide the body?

Front & Back sides

13

Saggital plane governs movement in what directions?

Forward & Backward

14

How does the saggital plane divide a body?

Right & Left sides

15

Term for body mechanics in Human Movement System

Kinetic Chain

16

The Kinetic Chain is the interrelation of what three systems to create movement?

Nervous, Muscular & Skeletal systems

17

Study of how forces affect a living body

Biomechanics

18

A) Closer to the center of the body
B) Closer to the midline of the body

A) Proximal
B) Medial

19

A) Farther from the center of the body or a landmark
B) Farther from the midline of the body

A) Distal
B) Lateral

20

Lateral-rotation movement away from the midline of the body.

Horizontal abduction

21

Medial-rotation movement toward the midline of the body

Horizontal adduction

22

Muscles that produce flexion of a limb or joint.

Flexors

23

Muscles that produce extension of a limb or joint.

Extensors

24

Term for positioning of the body during any movement

Dynamic Posture

25

Starting point from which an individual moves; a post in which the body is standing in its natural, relaxed position.

Static Posture

26

Muscle Action Spectrum includes what 3 major types of activation to produce tension

1. Concentric Activation
2. Isometric Activation
3. Eccentric Activation

27

Which of the following is production of muscular tension while shortening in length?

1. Concentric Activation
2. Isometric Activation
3. Eccentric Activation

1. Concentric Activation

28

Which of the following is production of muscular tension while maintaining a constant length?

1. Concentric Activation
2. Isometric Activation
3. Eccentric Activation

2. Isometric Activation

29

Which of the following is production of tension while increasing in length?

1. Concentric Activation
2. Isometric Activation
3. Eccentric Activation

3. Eccentric Activation

30

Term that refers to a muscle's primary functions.

Isolated function.

31

The relatively stationary attachment site where a muscle begins.

Origin

32

The relatively mobile attachment site of a muscle's distal end.

Insertion

33

Connective tissues that attach muscle to bone and provide an anchor for muscles to produce force.

Tendons