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Flashcards in Free will and determinism Deck (11)
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1

What is free will?

Assumes that humans are free to choose their behaviour, and that influences can be rejected at will.

2

What is determinism?

The view that an individuals behaviour is shaped or controlled by internal or external forces rather than an individuals will to do something.

3

What is hard determinism?

Behaviour is caused by events outside an individuals control and that free will is an illusion.

4

What is soft determinism?

All behaviour has a cause but there is room for manoeuvre in that people have conscious mental control over their behaviour.

5

What is biological determinism?

Behaviour is caused by internal, biological factors, e.g. genes or hormones.

6

What is environmental determinism?

Behaviour is caused by past experience and controlled by external factors in the environment, e.g. reinforcement, punishment.

7

What is psychic determinism?

Unconscious forces and innate drives control behaviour.

8

State support for determinism.

- Consistent with the aims of science.
- The notion that human behaviour is orderly and obey s laws places psychology on an equal footing with other more established sciences.
- Value of such research led to the development of treatment, therapies and behavioural interventions.

9

State a criticism of determinism.

- Hard: that individual choice is not the cause of behaviour but this is not consistent with the legal system which places individuals with moral accountability for their actions.
- Determinism = unfalsifiable.
- Determinism is based on the idea that causes of behaviour will always exist, even though they may not have been found yet so impossible to prove wrong.

10

State a support for free will.

- Research has suggested that people with an internal LOC tend to be more mentally healthy.
- Roberts study: demonstrated that adolescents with a strong belied that their lives were 'decided' by events outside their control were at significantly greater risk o developing depression.
- Suggests that even if we do not have free will, the fact that we think we do may have a positive impact on mind and behaviour.

11

State a criticism of free will.

- Neurological studies as a counter-argument.
- Libert and Soon found that the activity related to whether to press a button with the left or right hand occurs in the brain up to 10 seconds before participants reported being consciously aware of making the decision.