The nature-nurture debate Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in The nature-nurture debate Deck (9)
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1

What is the nature argument?

Inherited, genetic factors.
E.G. biological approach

2

What is the nurture argument?

The environment (learning and experiences).
E.G. behaviourist approach

3

What is the nature nurture argument?

Concerned with the extent to which aspects of behaviour are a product of inherited or acquired characteristics.

4

What is the interactionist approach?

Heredity (nature) factors and the environment have an influence on each other.

5

What is the diathesis-stress model?

Suggests that genes create a genetic vulnerability and stressors in the environment then trigger behaviours.

6

What are epigenetics?

A change in our genetic activity without changing our genetic code which is caused by interaction with the environment, e.g. smoking.

7

Describe the evaluative point of the implications of nativism vs empiricism?

- Nativism: suggests that our inherited genetic make up determines our characteristics and behaviour and that the environment has little input.
- Nativism = extremely controversial as it has attempted to link race, genetics and intelligence.
- Empiricism: suggests that behaviour can be changed by altering environmental conditions. Behaviour shaping also has practical applications in therapy.
- Empiricism = desirable behaviours are selectively reinforced and undesirable behaviours are punished = extreme cases this may lead one to advocate a model of society that controls and manipulates its citizens (e.g. Hitler).

8

Describe the evaluative point of shared and unshared environment.

- Suggests that individual differences mean that siblings may experience life events differently (age, temperament).
- Would explain the finding that MZ twins reared together do not show perfect concordance rates,
- Supports view that heredity and environmental facts cannot be meaningfully separated.

9

Describe the evaluative point of constructivism.

- Genes and environment interact but people create their own 'nurture' by actively selecting environments that are appropriate for their 'nature'.
- EG an aggressive child is more likely to feel comfortable around other aggressive children.
- Further evidence that it is impossible and illogical to separate nature vs nurture.