Flashcards in The nature-nurture debate Deck (9)
What is the nature argument?
Inherited, genetic factors.
E.G. biological approach
What is the nurture argument?
The environment (learning and experiences).
E.G. behaviourist approach
What is the nature nurture argument?
Concerned with the extent to which aspects of behaviour are a product of inherited or acquired characteristics.
What is the interactionist approach?
Heredity (nature) factors and the environment have an influence on each other.
What is the diathesis-stress model?
Suggests that genes create a genetic vulnerability and stressors in the environment then trigger behaviours.
What are epigenetics?
A change in our genetic activity without changing our genetic code which is caused by interaction with the environment, e.g. smoking.
Describe the evaluative point of the implications of nativism vs empiricism?
- Nativism: suggests that our inherited genetic make up determines our characteristics and behaviour and that the environment has little input.
- Nativism = extremely controversial as it has attempted to link race, genetics and intelligence.
- Empiricism: suggests that behaviour can be changed by altering environmental conditions. Behaviour shaping also has practical applications in therapy.
- Empiricism = desirable behaviours are selectively reinforced and undesirable behaviours are punished = extreme cases this may lead one to advocate a model of society that controls and manipulates its citizens (e.g. Hitler).
Describe the evaluative point of shared and unshared environment.
- Suggests that individual differences mean that siblings may experience life events differently (age, temperament).
- Would explain the finding that MZ twins reared together do not show perfect concordance rates,
- Supports view that heredity and environmental facts cannot be meaningfully separated.