French Revolution Test Review Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in French Revolution Test Review Deck (30):
1

Bastille

Royal prison and fortress

2

Bourgeoisie

Middle class of France

3

Directory

Name of government controlled by middle class

4

Estates general

Representatives from the 3 estates

5

Girondist

Important club that wanted sweeping changes

6

The great fear

A period of panic and riot by peasants

7

Guillotine

Method of execution used for beheading

8

Louis XIV

Known as the “sun king”

9

Louis XVI

Married Marie Antoinette

10

Marat

Radical leader murdered by Charlotte Corday In his bath tub

11

Marie Antoinette

Queen of France, married to Louis XVI

12

National Assembly

Gathering of the 3 estates to set up a new constitution

13

Paris

French Revolution took place in Paris

14

Robespierre

Dictator of France, attempted suicide and was guillotined

15

Rousseau

Philosopher believed society needed a social contract

16

Royal tennis court

Agreement to meet until France had a new form of government

17

Sans-culottes

Mostly poor people that represented bourgeoisie

18

Third estate

The common people/middle class

19

Versailles

Palace built in the 17th century

20

Voltaire

Most famous philosopher that was against the church

21

Peasants

Spent part time working on the lords property

22

Workers

Had to spend half income on food

23

Aristocrats

Had many privileges and paid few taxes

24

Montesquieu

Believed ruler had to work with elected parliaments

25

Legislative assembly

Assembly formed by representatives of third estate

26

Jacobins

Important club that became radical and was responsible for reign of terror

27

Reign of terror

Law was passed that was designed to eliminate anyone who agreed with jacobins

28

Danton

Got help from jacobins and took over National Assembly with Robespierre

29

Changes that were truly revolutionary

-middle class took over

Overthrow the monarchy

Step forward to freedom

No longer fear death

30

Defend why the monarchs were bad leaders

Louis xiv

-set new standards
-believed he was source of all light
-built a place
-invited nobles to ceremonies
-had complete control over his people