Industrial Revolution Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Industrial Revolution Deck (11):
1

James Hargreaves

-spinning Jenny

Driven by a hand cranked wheel to spin off a number of threads at the same time

2

John kay

-flying shuttle

Made weaving faster and allowed large looms to be operated by one person

3

Richard Arkwright

-water frame

Improved strength of yarn and was faster then Jenny

4

Samuel Compton

-mule

Combined features of water frame and jenny many other inventions followed

5

Thomas newcom

-locomotive

Machine that harnessed the power of compressed steam being produced

6

James watt

-rocket

An engine that gets max use out of steam being produced

7

James macadam

Inventor of roads made of graded stone

8

Enclosure movement

Landowners began to consolidate the small strips into large fields

9

Advantages of cottage industry

-home work so they could look after family

-live and work in own community

-support from friends and families

Income benefited the family

10

Disadvantages of cottage industry

-spinning and weaving are poorly paid

-worked long hours for little pay

-little power when dealing with employees

11

What jobs children had and dangers

-textile factories and mineshafts

-exposed to pollution
-air filled with fluff and fibres
-noise was deafening