Freud (1909) Flashcards Preview

Psychology Core Studies Year 1 > Freud (1909) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Freud (1909) Deck (22)
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1
Q

Who did Freud study?

A

A 3 year-old boy named Little Hans.

2
Q

Outline the ‘Oral Stage’.

A

Freud regards thumb sucking as a sexual manifestation -linked with sucking at mother’s breast

3
Q

Outline the ‘Anal Stage’.

A

Erotogenic zones are defined by Freud as parts of the skin which stimuli a certain sort of feeling of pleasure - anus is such part of the body.

4
Q

Outline the ‘Phallic Stage’.

A
  • Early stage of ‘infantile sexual life’ which centres on the genital zones.
  • Boys and girls notice that it is only boys who posses a penis.
  • Son being drawn to his mother and the daughter towards her father (the Oedipus Complex)
  • Fear of castration
5
Q

Outline the ‘Latency Stage’.

A

-Child’s energies directed away from sexual use and more to other ends such as sport, hobbies or friendship.

6
Q

Outline the ‘Genital Stage’.

A
  • With onset of puberty, sexual instinct emerges with greater intensity
  • However this time child’s sexual inclinations are diverted away from parents to other people
7
Q

What was the main aim of Freud’s study?

A

To provide evidence for his theory of psycho-sexual development.

8
Q

What research method did Freud use on Little Hans?

A

The study can be described as a case study . Little Hans’ father wrote weekly letters to Freud describing conversations he had with Little Hans.

9
Q

When did Freud believe Little Hans’ anxieties began?

A

When his mother caught him with his hands on his penis and said ‘If you do that, I’ll send for Dr A to cut off your widdler.’.

10
Q

What did Freud describe as ‘the first of two attempts at seducing his mother’?

A

First was during usual daily bath by his mother, Hans asked why she wouldn’t touch his widdler.

11
Q

What did Freud think Han’s fear of horses was related to?

A

Freud thought it was related to his fear of castration.

12
Q

Describe Little Hans’ dream about giraffe’s.

A
  • Big giraffe and a crumpled one
  • Big one calls out because Hans takes away crumpled one
  • Then big one stopped calling out and Hans sits on crumpled one
13
Q

How did Freud/Little Hans’ father interpret the dream about the giraffes?

A

That the big giraffe was his big penis (long neck), and the crumpled giraffe was his wifes’ sexual organ, hence why he took the crumpled one away.

14
Q

What did Freud think when Hans’ asked about a horses blinkers?

A

That the blinkers represented his fathers glasses and moustache.

15
Q

What is the Oedipus Complex?

A

When a boy becomes aware of sexual difference, and this leads to feelings of attraction, rivalry, jealousy and fear over the opposite sex, and a sexual desire for the boy’s mother.

16
Q

What are the 3 levels of the mind?

A
  • Conscious level
  • Pre-conscious level
  • Unconscious level
17
Q

What is the id? When is it present from?

A
  • Pleasure principle - no logical or rational thoughts
  • ‘I want it now’
  • Present from birth
18
Q

What is the ego? When is it present from?

A
  • Reality principle- start to find out what people consider acceptable
  • Present from 1-3 years old
19
Q

What is the super ego? When is it present from?

A
  • Internal rules like voice of a parent sitting on shoulder telling you what is right and wrong
  • Present from 3-5 years
20
Q

What was the ‘criminal fantasy’?

A

-Hans fantasised about doing forbidden things with father - represented wishing to do something forbidden to mother which his father was also doing

21
Q

What was the ‘plumber fantasy’?

A
  • Fantasised a plumber removed his bottom and widdler with pincers and gave him larger ones
  • Could identify with father by having a larger bottom and widdler like him
  • Resolution to the Oedipus Complex
22
Q

What was the parenting/marrying fantasy?

A
  • Hans fantasised about marrying his mother and playing father to his own children
  • Made ‘space’ for his father - identifying with father.