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Flashcards in Fruit and Plant-Based Spirits Deck (27):
1

Name and describe the 3 basic types of rum

White/silver rum: distilled in continuous still; matures 1 year in glass or stainless steel

Golden/spiced rum: color from oak maturation and flavored with spices

Dark rum: matured in wood for 5-7 years; adjusted with caramel

2

Describe calvados

Eau-de-vie made from the distillation of fermented apple juice

3

Describe framboise

Eau-de-vie made from the distillation of fermented raspberries

4

Where is tequila produced?

Primarily in the state of Jalisco, in Mexico

5

What is the louche effect?

It is seen in many anise-flavored spirits, and is a natural phenomenon of milky coloration that occurs when water is added to a beverage that contains anise oils

6

What is the main flavoring in grenadine?

Pomegranate

7

Where is AOC rhum produced?

Martinique, the only AOC for rum in existence

8

What is rhum Barbancourt?

Haitian rum

9

For how long must reposado tequila be aged?

2 months minimum

10

What are the three top regions for cognac production?

Grande Champagne
Petite Champagne
Borderies

11

What is the most common grape used in Cognac production?

Ugni blanc (also called St-Emilion)

12

What is the type of still used in Cognac production?

Charentais pot still

13

Name three major cognac producers

Remy Martin
Hennessy
Martell
Courvoisier

14

What are the three subregions of Armagnac?

Haut-Armagnac
Bas-Armagnac
Armagnac-Ténarèze

15

How many times is cognac distilled Armagnac?

Cognac is distilled twice, Armagnac is distilled once

16

What is the difference in taste between Armagnac and cognac?

Armagnac is more flavorful, but less pure than cognac. Also has less alcohol than cognac

Armagnac is more rustic, fiery

17

What is Asbach, and where is it made?

Brandy from Germany

18

What is Pisco?

Brandy produced in Chile and Peru

19

What are pomace spirits?

Brandy that is made from the remnants of pressed grapes instead of line

20

Give two examples of pomace spirits

Marc (France)
Grappa (Italy)

21

Where is Calvados made?

Normandy

22

What is kirsch/kirschwasser?

Eau de vie made from black cherries

23

What is Poire Williams?

Eau de vie made from Williams perry (pear cider)

24

What is Slivovitz?

Eau de vie made from plums

25

What is Demerara rum?

Light rum made from molasses, produced in Guyana

26

What are the four aging levels in tequila?

Blanco/silver (no aging)
Reposado (2 mos to 1 year)
Añejo (max 3 yrs)
Extra añejo (min 3 yrs)

27

What is Mezcal?

Primarily from state of Oaxaca; distilled liquor from Agave Espadín (different from blue agave)