Flashcards in Fuel Management Deck (38):
What is a USt?
underground storage tank
What are potential hazards of leaking ust?
leaks, spills, over-fill
What three major areas did federal legislation directed the EPA to develop regulations covering owners and operators of USts?
prevent releases from USTs, detect releases and correct problems created by releases from USTs
What are the leak detection methods?
interstitial monitoring, auto tank gauging systems, monitoring for vapors in soil
What are the two major components of spill prevention?
following proper procedures and catchment basin
How do you prevent overfills?
make sure there is room in tank, watch entire delivery and use overflow protection devices
what is necessary when receiving over 25 gallons at time of delivery?
auto shutoff device and overfill alarm
What are non-corrosive tanks?
cathodic protection for steel tanks
When do you report to your local regulatory authority?
suspected or confirmed release, installation of new ust or permanently closing a ust
what records should you keep with regards to fuel tanks
leak detection, corrosion protection, repairs and upgrades (all for up to three years after closing ust)
What does the energy policy act of 2005 require?
provisions regarding inspections, delivery prohibition, cleanup of releases that contain fuel additives
What can above ground storage tanks (AST) contaminate?
soil and drinking water supplies (one gallon of oil can contaminate a million gallons of water)
how to prevent releases from AST?
follow standard tank filling practices, ASTs should have secondary containment area and routinely monitor ASTs to ensure no leaks
What are the spill prevention control and countermeasure regulations? (spcc)
prevents discharge of oil into water. One single pint of oil can cover up to one acre of water's surface
What makes a facility subject to SPCC rules?
non-transportation related, bulk capacity over 1,320 (ast) gallons or 42,000 (ust), reasonable expectation of a release to navigable waters
how to create a spcc plan?
responsibility of facility owner or operator but must be certified by engineer, must include operating procedures, control measures and countermeasures in the plan
What special circumstances may require fuel treatment?
water contamination, biological contamination, cold flow properties of diesel fuel
what is the cloud point?
the temperature at which small solid crystals are first visually observed as the fuel is cooled (most conservative measurement)
what is cold filter plugging point?
the temperature at which a fuel will cause a fuel filter to plug due to fuel components which have begun to crystalize or gel
How do you treat diesel cold flow?
temperature treatment, blending with number one diesel, use an additive that enhances cold flow, fuel tank heaters
what are the aspects of in house fuel control?
auto vehicle recognition, card lock, PIN numbers and transaction data collection (linked to FIMS)
How do you determine if you should outsource fuel needs?
lifecycle cost analysis including depreciation of tanks, piping, dispensers, access control devices and monitoring equipment etc.
what information do you need to know when selecting a bulk fuel supplier?
target your supplier, get close to the source and understand the supplier strengths and weaknesses.
what is force majeure?
an unexpected or uncontrollable even such as act of god (storm)
What are two sources for pricing fuel contracts?
opis.net and platts.com (provide price at each terminal location)
what are some alternative fueling methods?
wet hosing, skid tanks and HVFD system
What is a commercial fuel program?
fuel management option whereby an outside vendor assists with controlling, tracking, reporting and managing
what are the benefits of a commercial fuel program?
price risk management strategy, discounts, influence driver behavior and data/records
fuel cards should be assigned to what/who and what transactions should be limited?
driver or vehicle, types or products, number of transactions, time of day and dollars per transaction
what is ulsd?
ultra low sulfur diesel. cleaner burning diesel (most highway diesel has been ulsd since 2006)
what is reformulated gasoline?
clean fuel, up to 20 percent renewable content, used in over one third of US vehicles
What is the RFG program?
Phase I designed to reduce air pollution that causes smog by 64,000 tons a year. Phase II replaced and reduced smog pollutants by an additional 41,000 tons per year in RFG areas
What is MTBE?
used as fuel additive in motor gasoline. This is an oxygenate that raises oxygen level in gas (can contaminate ground water)
What is the clean air act?
lower standards for the sulfuer content of gas to ensure the effectiveness of low emission control technologies
what types of fuel trade on commodities markets?
crude oil and petroleuym products
What is the single most important fuel production related entity?
OPEC or organization of petroleum exporting countries
what are retail fuel prices comprised of?
crude oil is majority, refining costs and taxes