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Flashcards in Functional Groups Deck (30):
1

Classifications of hydrocarbons

Saturated and Unsaturated

2

Unsaturated hydrocarbons are composed of...

Alkenes (double bonds)
Alkynes (triple bonds)
Aromatic compounds (benzene rings)

3

Alkanes are _____ hydrocarbons

Saturated

4

Hydrocarbon / carbon chains are represented by:

R

5

Gives molecules properties and abilities

Functional Groups

6

2 func grps that contrib. to water solubility

Hydroxyl
Carbonyl

7

Another name for hydroxyl groups

Alcohols

8

Under Carbonyl groups:

Aldehyde and Ketones

9

Contain C = O

Carbonyl groups

10

C=O at end

Aldehyde

11

C=O at middle

Ketone

12

Common linkages in carbohydrates and lignin

Ethers

13

Weak acids

Carboxyl group

14

Frequently ionize

Carboxylic acid

15

Found in amino and fatty acids

Carboxyl group

16

Formed from reaction if carboxylic acid + alcohol

Esters

17

Bases

Amino groups

18

R-O-H

Alcohol

19

R-O-R'

Ethers

20

Aldehyde

R- C -H
||
O

21

R - C - R'
||
O

Ketone

22

Carboxylic Acid

R -COOH

23

R-COOR'

Ester

24

Amine

R-NH2

25

Amide

R-C-NH2
||
O

26

Thiol

R-SH

27

Sulfide

R-S-R'

28

Disulfide

R-S-S-R'

29

Phosphate

R- PO4

30

Bonds in Phosphate group

3 single
1 double