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Flashcards in Fundamentals Deck (382)
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1

The condition of being considerably overweight and refers to a person with a BMI of 30 or greater or who is at least 30 pounds over the recommended weight for their height.

Obesity

2

Refers to a person with a BMI of 25 to 29.9 or who is between 25 to 30 pounds over the recommended weight for their height.

Overweight

3

Healthy total cholesterol level is less than?

200 mg/dl

4

A borderline high cholesterol level is between?

200 and 239 mg/dl

5

A high-risk level for cholesterol is?

More than 240 mg/dl.

6

The three levels of training in the OPT Model

Stabilization, Strength and Power

7

The type of diabetes associated with obesity, particularly abdominal obesity

Type 2 Diabetes

8

Carried in the bloodstream by protein molecules known as high-density lipoproteins (HDL) and low-density lipoproteins (LDL); also known as cholesterol and triglycerides.

Blood lipids

9

Healthy cholesterol level

=< 200

10

Borderline high cholesterol level

200 - 239

11

High cholesterol level

=> 240

12

Often referred to as juvenile diabetes because symptoms of the disease typically first appear in childhood as the result of the pancreas not producing insulin.

Type 1 Diabetes

13

Percent of Americans older than age 20 that are overweight

66%

14

Number of Americans that are obese

72 million

15

Low-back pain is a primary cause of musculoskeletal degeneration seen in the adult population, affecting nearly

80% of all adults

16

Research has shown low-back pain to be predominant among

Office workers, manual laborers, and people who sit for periods of time greater than 3 hours

17

Approximately what percentage of ACL injuries are non-contact injuries?

70%

18

The three strength levels within the OPT model

Strength endurance training, hypertrophy training and maximal strength training.

19

People in this stage do not exercise and do not intend to start in the next 6 months

Precontemplation

20

People in this stage do not exercise but are thinking about becoming more active in the next 6 months

Contemplation

21

People in this stage exercise occasionally but are planning to begin exercising regularly in the next month

Preparation

22

People in this stage are active but have not yet maintained this behavior for 6 months

Action

23

People in this stage have maintained change for 6 months or more

Maintenance

24

Neuron classification for neuron to neuron communication

Interneuron

25

Neuron classification for muscles or organs to brain and/or spinal cord communication

Sensory neuron

26

Neuron classification for brain and/or spinal cord to muscles or organs communication

Motor neuron

27

In an overhead press, the agonist is

Deltoid

28

In an overhead press, the stabilizer is

Rotator cuff

29

In an overhead press, the synergist is

Triceps

30

In an overhead press, the antagonist is

Latissimus dorsi