Fundamentals of Pharmacology: Vocab Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Fundamentals of Pharmacology: Vocab Deck (14)
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1

Bioavailability

The fraction of the administered drug dose that enters the systemic circulation and is available to produce drug effect.

2

Biopharmaceuticals

Pharmaceuticals derived from biological sources (proteins, gene sequences) and manufactured using biotechnology methods such as recombinant DNA technology.

3

Controlled Substance

Drug whose possession and distribution are restricted because of its potential for abuse as determined by federal or state law. Controlled substances are placed in schedules according to their abuse potential and effects if abused.

4

Dosage Form

Drug formulation (capsule, tablet, solution)

5

Dose

Amount of a drug required for one application or administration.

6

Dosing Schedule

How frequently a drug dose is administered (four times a day).

7

Drug

Substance used to diagnose, treat, cure, prevent, or mitigate disease in humans or other animals.

8

Drug Delivery System

Dosage form or device designed to release a specific amount of drug.

9

Enteral

Drug dosage form that is administered orally.

10

Homeopathic Medicine

Drugs that are administered in minute quantities to stimulate natural body healing systems.

11

Legend Drugs

Drugs that are required by law to be dispensed by a prescription only. Prescriptions must be written for a legitimate medical condition and issued by a practitioner authorized to prescribe.

12

Materia Medica

Medicinal materials.

13

Over-the-counter (OTC) Drugs

Drugs that may be obtained without a prescription.

14

Parenteral

Drug dosage form that is administered by injection or infusion.