Gait Flashcards Preview

NPTE Musculoskeletal System > Gait > Flashcards

Flashcards in Gait Deck (33):
1

Stance phase is what % of the gait cycle?

60%

2

Swing phase is what % of the gait cycle?

40%

3

Standard terminology for the stance phase?

Heel strike
Foot flat
Midstance
Heel off
Toe off

4

Standard terminology for the swing phase?

Acceleration
Midswing
Deceleration

5

Rancho Los Amigos terminology for stance phase?

Initial contact
Loading response
Midstance
Terminal stance
Pre-swing

6

Rancho Los Amigos terminology for swing phase?

Initial swing
Midswing
Terminal swing

7

Hip flexion ROM for normal gait?

0-30 deg

8

Hip extension ROM for normal gait?

0-10 deg

9

Knee flexion ROM for normal gait?

0-60 deg

10

Knee extension ROM for normal gait?

0 deg

11

Ankle DF ROM for normal gait?

0-10 deg

12

Ankle PF ROM for normal gait?

0-20 deg

13

Gait & Muscle activity during: initial contact

ankle DF's, quads, hamstrings, hip extensors, hip abductors

14

Gait & Muscle activity during: loading response

ankle DF's, quads, ankle PF's, tibialis posterior, hip extensors

15

Gait & Muscle activity during: midstance

ankle PF's, quads (minimal), hip abductors, iliopsoas

16

Gait & Muscle activity during: terminal stance

anke PF's, quads (minimal), hip abductors, iliopsoas

17

Gait & Muscle activity during: pre-swing

ankle PF's (peak), hamstrings, hip flexors

18

Gait & Muscle activity during: initial swing

anke DF's, hamstrings, hip flexors

19

Gait & Muscle activity during: midswing

ankle DF's, hip + knee musculature minimal (momentum allows advancement of limb)

20

Gait & Muscle activity during: terminal swing

ankle DF's, ankle inverters, quads, hamstrings, hip extensors

21

Define base of support.

The distance measured between the left and right foot during progression of gait. The distance decreases as cadence increases.

22

What is the average base of support for an adult?

2-4 inches

23

Define cadence.

The number of steps an individual will walk over a period of time.

24

What is the average cadence for an adult?

110-120 steps/min.

25

Define degree of toe-out.

The ankle formed by each foot's line of progression and a line intersecting the center of the heel and second toe.

26

What is the average degree of toe-out for an adult?

7 deg.

27

Describe the relationship of double support stance and speed of gait.

Inversely related: the time of double support stance increases as gait speed decreases. This phase does not exist with running.

28

When is a single gait cycle completed?

Gait cycle refers to the sequence of motions that occurs from initial contact of the heel to the next consecutive initial contact of the same heel.

29

What is the average pelvic rotation during gait for an adult?

8 deg total: 4 deg forward with the swing leg and 4 deg backward with the stance leg.

30

Define step length.

The distance measured between right heel strike and left heel strike.

31

What is the average step length for an adult?

28 inches

32

Define stride length.

The distance measured between right heel strike and the following right heel strike.

33

What is the average stride length for an adult?

56 inches