Muscle Action Flashcards Preview

NPTE Musculoskeletal System > Muscle Action > Flashcards

Flashcards in Muscle Action Deck (58):
1

TMJ depression

lateral pterygoid
suprahyoid
infrahyoid

2

TMJ elevation

temporalis
masseter
medical pterygoid

3

TMJ protrusion

masseter
lateral pterygoid
medial pterygoid

4

TMJ retrusion

temporalis
masseter
digastric

5

TMJ side to side

medical pterygoid
lateral pterygoid
masseter
temporalis

6

Cervical intervertebral joints: flexion

sternocleidomastoid
longus colli
scalenus muscles

7

Cervical intervertebral joints: extension

splenius cervicis
semispinalis cervicis
iliocostalis cervicis
longissimus cervicis
multifidus
trapezius

8

Cervical intervertebral joints: rotation and lateral bending

sternocleidomastoid
scalenus muscles
splenius cervicis
longissimus cervicis
levator scapulae
multifidus

9

Thoracic and Lumbar intervertebral joints: flexion

rectus abdominis
internal oblique
external oblique

10

Thoracic and Lumbar intervertebral joints: extension

erector spinae
quadratus lumborum
multifidus

11

Thoracic and Lumbar intervertebral joints: rotation and lateral bending

psoas major
quadratus lumborum
external oblique
internal oblique
multifidus
longissimus thoracis
iliocostalis thoracis
rotatores

12

Scapula elevation

upper trapezius
levator scapulae

13

Scapula depression

latissimus dorsi
pectoralis major
pectoralis minor
lower trapezius

14

Scapula protraction

serratus anterior
pectoralis minor

15

Scapula retraction

middle trapezius
rhomboids

16

Scapula upward rotation

upper & lower trapezius
serratus anterior

17

Scapula downward rotation

rhomboids
levator scapulae
pectoralis minor

18

Shoulder flexion

anterior deltoid
coracobrachialis
pectoralis major (clavicular head)
biceps brachii

19

Shoulder extension

latissimus dorsi
posterior deltoid
teres major
triceps brachii (long head)

20

Shoulder abduction

middle deltoid
supraspinatus

21

Shoulder adduction

pectoralis major
latissimus dorsi
teres major

22

Shoulder horizontal abduction

posterior deltoid
infraspinatus
teres minor

23

Shoulder horizontal adduction

anterior deltoid
pectoralis major

24

Shoulder external rotation

teres minor
infraspinatus
posterior deltoid

25

Shoulder internal rotation

subscapularis
teres major
pectoralis major
latissimus dorsi
anterior deltoid

26

Elbow flexion

biceps brachii
brachialis
brachioradialis

27

Elbow extension

triceps brachii
anconeus

28

Radioulnar joint: supination

biceps brachii
supinator

29

Radioulnar joint: pronation

pronator teres
pronator quadratus

30

Wrist flexion

flexor carpi radialis
flexor carpi ulnaris
palmaris longus

31

Wrist extension

extensor carpi radialis longus
extensor carpi radialis brevis
extensor carpi ulnaris

32

Wrist radial deviation

extensor carpi radialis longus & brevis
flexor carpi radialis
extensor pollicis longus & brevis

33

Wrist ulnar deviation

extensor carpi ulnaris
flexor carpi ulnaris

34

Finger flexion

flexor digitorum profundus & superficialis
flexor digiti minimi (5th digit)
interossei
lumbricals

35

Finger extension

extensor digitorum communis
extensor indicis (2nd digit)
extensor digiti minimi (5th digit)

36

Finger abduction

dorsal interossei
abductor digiti minimi (5th digit)

37

Finger adduction

palmar interossei

38

Thumb flexion

flexor pollicis longus & brevis
opponens pollicis

39

Thumb extension

extensor pollicis longus & brevis
abductor pollicis longus

40

Thumb abduction

abductor pollicis longus & brevis

41

Thumb adduction

adductor pollicis

42

Thumb opposition

opponens pollicis
flexor pollicis brevis
abductor pollicis brevis
opponens pollicis minimi

43

Hip flexion

iliopsoas
sartorius
rectus femoris
pectineus

44

Hip extension

gluteus maximus & medius
semitendinosus
semimembranosus
biceps femoris

45

Hip abduction

gluteus medius
gluteus minimus
piriformis
obturator internus
tensor fasciae latae

46

Hip adduction

adductor magnus
adductor longus
adductor brevis
gracilis

47

Hip internal rotation

tensor fasciae latae
gluteus medius
gluteus minimus
pectineus
adductor longus

48

Hip external rotation

gluteus maximus
obturator externus
obturator internus
piriformis
gemelli
sartorius

49

Knee flexion

biceps femoris
semitendinosus
semimembranosus
sartorius

50

Knee extension

rectus femoris
vastus lateralis
vastus intermedius
vastus medialis

51

Ankle plantarflexion

tibialis posterior
gastrocnemius
soleus
peroneus longus
peroneus brevis
plantaris
flexor hallucis

52

Ankle dorsiflexion

tibialis anterior
extensor hallucis longus
extensor digitorum longus
peroneus tertius

53

Ankle inversion

tibialis posterior
tibialis anterior
flexor digitorum longus

54

Ankle eversion

peroneus longus
peroneus brevis
peroneus tertius

55

Toe flexion

flexor digitorum longus & brevis
flexor hallucis longus & brevis
flexor digiti minimi brevis
quadratus plantae
lumbricals

56

Toe extension

extensor digitorum longus & brevis
extensor hallucis longus & brevis
lumbricals

57

Toe abduction

abductor hallucis
abductor digit minimi
dorsal interossei

58

Toe adduction

adductor hallucis plantar interossei