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Flashcards in Gb Deck (66):
1

Act of Supremacy

1534 henry 8 breaks with rome, divorce, Supreme head of english church and clergy
Reformation. Protestantism

2

Elizabeth 1 reign

1558-1603
Anglicanism : betw Prot and Cath
Stability, Cath banned

3

Abolition of monarchy

1649, charles 1 executed after the Civil War vs Cromwell who is for Parliament

4

Habeas corpus act

1679 : no emprisonment without trial

5

Bill of Rights

1689, Parliamentary democracy, Decl of Rights
Curb the power of monarch
Act of Settlement : no Cath to throne

6

Act of Union 1

1707, England and Scotland

7

Industrial revolution

1770s

8

Independence of American colonies

1776

9

Act of Union 2

1801, England and Ireland

10

Freedom of worship for Cath

1829

11

Reform act

1932, Right to vote to middle class

12

Victoria's reign

1837-1901, expansion
puritanism Vs Darwinism
Progress, science, technology, class conflict

13

Victoria empress of India

1876

14

Creation of the Labour party

1900

15

Women's right to vote

1919

16

Division of Ireland

1921

17

Easter Rising

1916, for irish independence, against british rule.
Suppressed

18

Representation of the people act

1928, vote to all above 21

19

Great Depression

1929, bankruptcies, unemployment

20

War on Germany

1939, led by Churchill

21

Beveridge report

1942, for a welfare state

22

Creation of welfare state

1945, NHS education for all, unemployment benefits

23

Independence of India, Pakistan, Kenya

1947

24

Uk joins NATO

1949

25

Labour government

1964-70, wilson. Death penalty abolished, abortion and homosexuality decriminalized, divorce liberalized

26

The Troubles

1969, nationalists vs loyalists

27

Britain and Ireland in the Common Market

1973

28

Winter of Discontent

1979, Labour James Callaghan, strikes of trade unions
Beginning of Thatcher's term

29

Thatcher

1979-1990, liberal politicies
Falkland islands in 1982
Free enterprise, monetarism, less gvt spending and power, same tax for all : protests, resignation

30

Tony blair

1997-2007, labour but betw left and right, third way.
Education, minimum wage, less unemployment, more consumer spending.
euro convention on human rights 2000

31

Match :
Churchill
Thatcher
Major
Blair

Roosevelt
Reagan
Bush
Clinton

32

Elizabeth 2 reign

1952

33

End of parliamentary monarchy

1688 glorious revolution

34

Passing of a bill

First reading, all members
Second, discussed, for against, standing committee of MPs
Third, house of commons, amendments, if approved house of lords, if approved "act of Parliament" and receives Royal Assent

35

Conservative

Tory, right wing, liberal, private enterprise
Thatcher, cameron

36

Labour

Left wing, working class, trade unions, social services, education, public spending
Blair Third Way

37

Abolition of death penalty

1965

38

Immigration

Multi-ethnic, racial tensions, race riots in 2001, fuelled by tabloids the Sun, terrorism in 2005, tising number of immigrants, threat to british identity
-Racist soeech Enoch Powell 1968
-Geneva convention : no discrim against asylum seekers without papers
-Cameron curb immig with student and work visas 2013
-2003 citizenship test compulsory in 2007

39

Women

Same rights, glass ceiling, gender pay gap
18% of MPs are women
15,7% less than men

40

Muslims

Salman Rushdie's Satanic Verses : blasphemy
11 sept 2001, july 2005 terrorism british born Muslims. Distrust, targeted by the police
Cultural separateness, full face veil

41

Welfare state

Beveridge report 1942
Rebuild post war britain
5 giants : idleness want squalor ignorance disease
Benefits for sickness, invalidity, death, unemployment, free consultations GP
NHS IN 1948 free med treatment for all
BUT longer life expanctancy, cost, increzsing expectations, single parent families
Deficits, staff shortages, waiting lists

Jobseeker's allowance, credit for low income families, maternity and sick oay, child benefit
But dependency, nanny state

42

The EEC

1957 Treaty of Rome
France lux netherlands west germany italy belgium
Macmillan

43

Britain applies twice to the EEC

1961-67
Rejected by de Gaulle
Macmillan and Wilson

44

Uk joins the EEC

1973 Edward Heath

45

Single Market

1986, free trade in EEC countries
Thatcher

46

EEC become EU

1993 Maastricht Treaty
Major, closer eco political and legal cooperation
But no Social Chapter (rights of workers)

47

Social Chapter signed by Britain

1997, minimum wage
Blair

48

PMs and Europe

Blair pro-europe gvt : UK = link US/Europe
Cameron 2013 promised in/out referendum in 2017
Rise of UKIP

49

Irish Great Famine

1845-49 failure of potato crops, over a million death, massive emigration

50

Beginning Irish Independence movement

1873 Home Rule League created
Nationalists want autonomy, protestants want to remain in the UK

51

Easter rising

1916 rebellion against irish republicans out down by british army

52

Proclamation of Irish Republic

1918 de Valera and nationalist party Sinn Féin won election
De Valera president

53

Creation of IRA

1919

54

Division of Ireland

1921 into Ulster (part of Uk) and Irish free state (dominion)

55

Irish free state becomes Eire

1937, a sovereign state

56

Eire becomes Republic of Ireland

1947

57

The Troubles

1968 tensions, riots betw Prot and Cath in Ulster
IRA Cath and UVF protestants
Terrorism bombings assassinations

58

Irish nationalists

Want a united republic of ireland, independent

59

Creation of Commonwealth

1931 statute of Westminster : free association of independent states, formerly part of British Empire
Shared principles : peace equality democracy prosperity 1991 Harare Convention
53 countries

60

Reform act

1832 : reform bill to support women's suffrage, denied

61

1870 (women's rights)

Richard pankhurst (MP) pleads for equal voting rights

62

1903

Creation of WSPU (women's social political union) by Emmeline pankhurst, becomes national organisation, loses male sympathisers for their tactics

63

1908

Protests for women's rights become more aggressive, violent : hunger strikes, arrests
Internal disunity

64

1911

Consilisation bill to include female suffrage failed to pass

65

1918

Vote for women over 30

66

1928

Women achieve equal status with men