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Flashcards in US Deck (53):
1

First colonies

1492 christopher columbus, several million native Americans

2

1620

Pilgrim fathers (puritans), Mayflower, colony of Plymouth

3

13 colonies

Early 18th

4

First revolt in the colonies

1765, against british taxes : sugar coffee wine

5

Boston tea party

1773, no taxation without representation

6

Suspension of trade with britain

1774

7

Declaration of independence

1776

8

Treaty of versailles

1783 end of war of independence, patriots (washington) vs loyalists.
Britain recognizes independence

9

Am constitution

1787, federal gvt established

10

First prsdt

George washington 1789

11

Bill of rights

1791, ten amendments to the constitution : freedom of speech, press, worship

12

Lousiana purchase

1803, bought to france. X2
Beginning of westward mvt (until 1890)

13

Lewis and clarke expedition

1804-06 : explore west to the pacific

14

Congress bans importation of slaves

1808

15

Monroe doctrine

1823 no interference in Euro affairs, anti colonialism

16

Indian Removal Act

1830, relocate west of Mississippi

17

Gold rush

1849, california, westward expansion, manifest destiny

18

Abraham lincoln psdt

1860

19

Civil war

1861-65
11 southern states (Confederate, for slavery sucede) vs north (Union, abolitionists, industry, free trade)

20

Emancipation Proclamation

1863
Lincoln declares all slaves are free. British and French side with Union

21

End of civil war

1865
North wins, 13th amendment, abolishing slavery.
Lincoln assassinated

22

Reconstruction

1865-77
Rebuilt south destroyed, black have full citizenship, resentment from southern whites

23

15th amendment

1870 : black people voting rights

24

Jim Crow laws

1870
Racial segregation in schools, buses, public places
ku Klux

25

Growing resistance of indians

1876, battle of little big horn, forced into reservations

26

Industrial growth, urbanisation

1879

27

Creation of Am Federation of Labour

1886

28

Progressive Era

1901-1917
Roosevelt, Wilson
Reforms for social equality, higher education, preserving natural sites

29

Usa enters WW1

1917
US ships drowned by German submarines, 100 000 lose life

30

Women right to vote

1920

31

Prohibition

1920s, leads to bootlegging

32

roaring Twenties, Jazz age

1920-1929
Prosperity, consumerism, cars, radio
=> lost generation (fitzgerald, hemingway) concerned with materialism, decline of morals

33

Indian citizenship act

1924

34

New Deal

1932
Roosevelt, boost economy, create jobs
Social and eco reforms
=> effective until war

35

Enters ww2

1941
Bombing at Pearl Harbor
Mass production of tanks, planes, military equipment

36

Uno created

1945

37

Marshall plan

1947
Financial and material help to countries fighting communism

38

Cold war

1950s

39

Creation of Nato

1949
Alliance between us and western euro countries in case of soviet aggression

40

Korean war

1950-53
North - USSR / South - US

41

Segregation in oublic school unconstitutional

1954

42

Montgomery bus boycott

1956
Segregation on buses protest,lead to desegregation on buses

43

Kennedy prsdt

1960-63
The "New Frontier" : end segregation, help the poor
Welfare measures

44

Invasion of cuba

1961
Failure, castro

45

Johnson psdt

1963
Kennedy assassinated, fight poverty, health insurance and aid to education

46

Martin luther king

1963
Civil rights march, washington, against segregation and inequality

47

Civil Rights Act

Abolishes segregation, but riots in big cities

48

Vietnam war

1964-1973
60 000 americans died, retreat
Anti war demonstrations

49

Ronald reagan psdt

1980-88
Conservative and liberal policies
Tax cuts for companies, boost production, cuts in gvt spending and social welfare

50

End of cold war

1989, fall of the Berlin wall

51

Gulf war

1991
Against iraq, forced the iraq forces to withdraw from kuweit

52

Bill clinton pst

1992-2000
Social reforms, reduces deficit and unemployment

53

Axis of evil

2002
State of union, bush said North Korea, Iraq, Iran were an axis of evil threatening world peace, must disarm them