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IGCSE English Language > GCSE Vocabulary > Flashcards

Flashcards in GCSE Vocabulary Deck (24)
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1
Q

euphemism

A

noun
A word or phrase used to avoid saying an unpleasant or offensive word.

Eg. “Senior citizen” is a euphemism for “old person”.
or
The article made so much use of euphemism that often its meaning was unclear.

2
Q

ambiguous

A

adjective
Open to or having several possible meanings or interpretations.

Eg. I wish my professor’s instructions were less ambiguous so that I could better understand them.

3
Q

aberration

A

noun
a: a change from what is typical or usual, esp. a temporary change.

Eg. The drop in our school’s test scores was dismissed as an aberration.

b: a temporary change from the typical or usual way of behaving.

Eg. In a moment of aberration, she agreed to go with him.
I’m sorry I’m late - I had a mental aberration and forgot we had a meeting today.

4
Q

abhor

A

verb
to hate, detest

Eg. Because she always wound up getting hit in the head when she tried to play swing ball, Tess began to abhor the sport.)

5
Q

alacrity

A

noun
eagerness, speed

Eg. For some reason Simon loved to help his girlfriend whenever he could, so when she asked him to set the table he did so with alacrity.

6
Q

appease

A

verb
to calm, satisfy

Eg. She claimed that the government had only changed the law in order to appease their critics.

7
Q

cajole

A

verb
to urge, coax

Eg. Mary’s friends cajoled her into drinking too much.

8
Q

candor

A

noun
honesty, frankness

Eg. We were surprised by the candour of the politician’s speech because she is usually rather evasive.

9
Q

coerce

A

verb
To make someone do something by force or threat.

Eg. The judge decided the man didn’t have to honour his contract as he’d been coerced into it.

10
Q

complacency

A

noun
self satisfied ignorance of danger

Eg. Simon tried to shock his friends out of their complacency by painting a frightening picture of what might happen to them.

11
Q

diligent

A

adjective
Showing care in doing one’s work.

Eg. The diligent researcher made sure to double check her measurements.

12
Q

elated

A

adjective
overjoyed, thrilled

Eg. When he found out he won the lottery, the man was elated.

13
Q

empathy

A

noun
sensitivity to another’s feelings as if they were one’s own

Eg. He had empathy with small children.

14
Q

flabbergasted

A

adjective
astounded

Eg. When I read an Agatha Christie mystery novel, I am always flabbergasted when I learn the identity of the murderer.

15
Q

gluttony

A

noun
overindulgence of food or drink

Eg. Chocolate cake is so good, I don’t know how anyone can call gluttony a sin.

16
Q

indolent

A

adjective
lazy

Eg. Why should my indolent children, who can’t even get up off the sofa to help me, be rewarded with a curry.

17
Q

inhibit

A

verb
to prevent, restrain, stop

Eg. When I told you I needed the car last night, I certainly never intended to inhibit you from going out.

18
Q

jubilant

A

adjective
extremely joyful, happy

Eg. The crowd was jubilant when the firefighter carried the woman from the burning building.

19
Q

morose

A

adjective
gloomy or sullen

Eg.Jamie’s morose nature made him quite unpleasant to talk to.

20
Q

myriad

A

adjective
consisting of a great number

Eg. It was difficult deciding what to do on Saturday night as the city presented with with a myriad of possibilities for fun.

21
Q

novice

A

noun
a beginner, someone without training or experience

Eg. Because we were all novices at archery, our instructor decided to start with the basics.

22
Q

oblivious

A

adjective
lacking consciousness or awareness of something

Eg. Oblivious to the burning smell emanating from the kitchen, my father didn’t notice the rolls in the oven were burned until it was much too late.

23
Q

plethora

A

noun
an abundance, excess

Eg. The wedding banquet included a plethora of oysters piled almost three feet high.

24
Q

vex

A

verb
to confuse or annoy

Eg. My boyfriend vexes me by teasing me for hours on end.