Gen Flashcards Preview

Surgery > Gen > Flashcards

Flashcards in Gen Deck (5):

Hesselbach’s triangle (aka Inguinal triangle)

Medial: Lateral margin of rectus sheath (Linea semilunaris)

Superolateral: Inferior epigastric vessels

Inferior: Inguinal ligament

Sig: Has a depression (Medial inguinal fossa) - through which direct inguinal hernias protrude through the abdominal wall


Femoral triangle

Superior: Inguinal ligament

Medial: Medial border of Adductor longus muscle

Lateral: Medial border of Sartorius muscle

Contents (VAN: Medial to Lateral)
i. Femoral n.
ii. Femoral sheath and its contents
iii. Femoral a.
iv. Femoral v.
v. Deep inguinal LNs


Femoral ring (~1.25cm) / Femoral canal (Ring is the superior opening to canal)

Anterior: Inguinal ligament

Posterior: Pectineal ligament

Medial: Crescentic base of Lacunar ligament

Lateral: Fibrous septum of medial side of Femoral v.

Canal contains efferent lymphatic vessels and a LN; Hernia from here

Canal is conical in shape (~1.25cm length)


Inguinal canal

Anterior: External oblique aponeurosis

Posterior: Conjoint tendon (medially) + Transversalis fascia (laterally)

Roof (Superior): IOM and TAM (transversus abdominis)

Floor (Inferior): Inguinal ligament

Content: Spermatic cord in M; Round ligament of uterus in F; Both have Ilioinguinal n.

~4cm long; Larger size in M than F


Spermatic cord

3 arteries = A. to ductus deferens, Testicular a., Cremasteric a.

3 fascial layers = External spermatic, Cremasteric, Internal spermatic fascia

3 nerves = Genital branch of genitofemoral n. (L1/2), sympathetic and visceral afferent fibers, ilioinguinal n.

3 other structures = Pampiniform plexus蔓狀靜脈叢, ductus deferens, testicular lymphatics

*Pampiniform plexus: formed by the union of multiple spermatic veins from the back of the testis and tributaries from the epididymis