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Spanish Grammar > Gender > Flashcards

Flashcards in Gender Deck (48):
1

Feminine endings (13)

-a
-dad, -tud, -tad
-cion, -Sion, -gion, -tud,
-dad, -itis
-ez
-triz
-umbre

2

Why is the word foto feminine ?

Words such as foto are femenino although they end in an -o as they are shortened versions of feminine words e.g la fotografía- la foto or la motocicleta- la moto

3

Are words masculine or feminine which end in -ista?

Can be masculine or femenino depending on context
E.g el turisto/ la turista

4

El disco

CD disk

5

La disco

Disco (dancing thing) - feminine as it is a shortened version of discoteca

6

What gender are words which look masculine but refer to a feminine thing?

Most words which look masculine but refer to a female have become feminine

7

What are the feminine words with endings -d ?
(Irregular as ending in -d is usually masculine )

La merced - Mercy
La pared - Wall
La red - network
La sed - thirst
La salud - health

8

Which feminine words end in -z?

La cruz - cross
La faz - face
La Luz - light
La nariz - nose
La Paz - peace
La raíz - but
La vez - root
La voz - voice

9

Which feminine words end in -e?
Part 1

La base-base,
la calle-street,
la carne-meat,
la clase-class,
la clave-clue,
la corriente-current,
la fe-faith,
la fiebre-fever,
la frase-phrase
La suerte - luck
La tarde - afternoon
La torre - tower

10

Which feminine words end in -e ?
Part 2

La fuente- source
La gente-people
La leche- milk
La lente - Lens
La llave- key
La mente - mind
La muerte - death
La nieve - snow
La noche - night
La nube - cloud
La sangre - blood
La sede - headquarters
La serpiente - serpent

11

Which endings are masculine ? (8)

Words ending in -ema
-ama
-or
-ín
-aje
-el
-al
-o

12

Some words have Greek origin therefore they are irregular .. so nouns with the endings ? Are masculine

Some words with the ending -ma, -ta, -pa are masculine e.g el tema

13

Capital city

La Capital

14

Capital (e.g letter or capital anything )

El capital

15

Cholera (disease)

El cólera

16

Bile/anger

La cólera

17

Coma

El coma

18

Comma ,

La coma

19

Court - tennis court e.g

La corte

20

Cut

El corte

21

Cure (to an illness e.g)

La cura

22

Priest

El cura

23

Ending

El final

24

Sports final

La final

25

Front

El frente

26

Forehead

La frente

27

Order

El orden

28

Holy order

La orden

29

Pope

El papa

30

Potato

La papa

31

Message / report

El parte

32

Part / portion

La parte

33

Earring

El pendiente

34

Slope / hillside

La pendiente

35

Fish

El pez

36

Tar/ pitch

La pez

37

Which words have the same meaning when both masculine and feminine ?

-nouns ending in -ista e.g florista, artista, jurista
-nouns ending in -crata e.g technocrata or aristócrata
-amante - lover
-cliente- client
-guía- guide
-idiota- idiot
-modelo- model
-Testigo-witness

38

What gender are words which have come into spanish vía another language ?

Depends
However these words tend not to follow any of the normal spanish rules

39

What do all nouns of nationality have in Spanish?

No capital letter e.g españa not España

40

Why do some feminine nouns have the article el?

When a feminine noun begins with a stressed -a or -ha syllable , it’s singular form has an el instead of la (or un instead of una) however when in plural form the word returns to normal.
E.g el agua, el alma, el asma, el habla, el hada, el hambre etc

41

In Spanish what do adjectives have to match ?

The noun they describe for gender and singular / plural

42

How many forms does the definite article have in Spanish ?

4

43

What are the 4 spanish definite articles ?

El - masc singular
La - fem singular
Los - masc plural
Las fem plural

44

Spanish often uses the definite article ...

In places we wouldn’t use it in English
E.g. I like chocolate = me gusta el chocolate

45

When el comes after a / de ...

It gets changed to al or del

46

What is the definite article ?

The
(El/ la/ los/ las)

47

What is the indefinite article?

A / An
(Un/ una/ unos/ unas)

48

When a job is being described is the indefinite article needed ?

No - e.g. I am an artist = soy artista
Not - soy un artista