Possessive Adjectives and Pronouns Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Possessive Adjectives and Pronouns Deck (22):
1

what must possessive adjectives and pronouns agree with?

their noun
e.g. my brother- mi hermano
my sisters - mis hermanas
our times - nuestros tiempos

2

What causes possessive adjectives and pronouns to be singular / plural?

depending on the amount of objects they are describing
e.g. our dog = singular as there is 1 dog (nuestro)
our dogs = plural as there are multiple dogs (nuestros)
notice we do not change in this e.g. only objects do.

3

which possessive adjectives and pronouns don't change when in masc/fem form?

mi, mis, tu, tus, su, sus
- however, nuestro (our) and vuestro (your plural) have different forms depending if they are describing masc/feminine people

4

what is the difference between possessive adjectives and possessive pronouns?

possessive adjectives - describe a noun -e.g. my sister
possessive pronouns are words which can function as a noun when used alone -e.g. i, you, he, she, it etc

5

how does 'mi' change with its noun?

mi = my
masc singular = mi
fem singular = mi
masc plural = mis
fem plural = mis

6

how does 'tu' change with its noun?

tu = your
masc singular = tu
fem singular = tu
masc plural = tus
fem plural = tus

7

how does 'su' change with its noun?

su = his/ hers/ their
masc singular = su
fem singular = su
masc plural = sus
fem plural = sus

8

how does 'nuestro' change with its noun?

nuestro = our
masc singular = nuestro
fem singular = nuestra
masc plural = nuestros
fem plural = nuestras

9

how does 'vuestro' change with its noun?

vuestro = your (plural)
masc singular = vuestro
fem singular = vuestra
masc plural = vuestros
fem plural = vuestras

10

where do possessive pronouns appear?

they follow a noun, or are free standing (alone)

11

what is needed with possessive pronouns?

the definite article, except when the pronoun is introduced by ser

12

what are the possessive pronouns?

mi / tu / su / nuestro / vuestro etc

13

e.g. of possessive pronouns in action...

e.g.1. juan says that his is not a genetic family - juan dice que la suya no es una familia generica.
e.g.2. juan says that jorge is not his son - juan dice que jorge no es hijo suyo.

14

how does 'mío' change to match its noun?

mío = my
masc singular = mío
fem singular = mía
masc plural = míos
fem plural = mías

15

how does 'tuyo' change to match its noun?

tuyo = yours
masc singular = tuyo
fem singular = tuya
masc plural = tuyos
fem plural = tuyas

16

how does 'suyo' change to match its noun?

suyo = his / hers / theirs
masc singular = suyo
fem singular = suya
masc plural = suyos
fem plural = suyas

17

how does 'vuestro' change to match its noun?

vuestro = yours (plural)
masc singular = vuestro
fem singular = vuestra
masc plural = vuestros
fem plural = vuestras

18

how does 'nuestro' change to match its noun?

nuestro = ours
masc singular = nuestro
fem singular = nuestra
masc plural = nuestros
fem plural = nuestras

19

how does the meaning of tu change depending if it has an accent or not?

tu (no accent) = your
tú (with accent) = you

20

what is the difference between nosotros and nuestro?

nosotros = we
nuestro = our

21

what is the difference between vuestro and vosotros?

vuestro = your (plural)
vosotros = you (plural)

22

why should we sometimes avoid using 'su'?

su can mean many different things - his / her / its / you (informal) therefore in times of confusion we should instead use object + de + person.
e.g el telefono de pablo not just 'su telefono' as this could be anyones phone.