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Flashcards in General Deck (44):
1

HEMATOZOIC (2)

BABESIA
PLASMODIUM

2

AUTOINFECTION (5)

Strongyloides
T.solium
Enterobius
Capillaria
H.nana

(STECH)

3

CONGENITAL TRANSMISSION (3)

- Toxoplasma
- P. falciparum
- Trypanosoma

TPT

4

CONTAMINATED WATER (3)

- Cryptosporidium
- G. lamblia
- E. histolytica

CGE

5

SKIN PENETRATION (3)

- Schistosoma
- Strongyloides
- Hookworms

6

TRANSMAMMARY

- Ancylostoma
- Strongyloides

7

INGESTION OF FILARIFORM LARVAE

- Capillaria
- Anisakis
- Gnathostoma

8

APHASMIDS

- Trichuris
- Capillaria
- Trichinella

9

SOIL TRANSMITTED

- Hookworms
- Ascaris
- Trichuris
- Strongyloides

10


RETROGRADE INFECTION AND HEART-LUNG MIGRATION

- Ascaris
- Strongyloides
- Hookworms

11

MALABSORPTION

- Ascaris
- Strongyloides
- Capillaria

12

SASHIMI

- Anisakis
- Acanthocephala

13


STICHOSOME

- Capillaria
- Trichinella

14

LARGE INTESTINE

- Enterobius
- Trichuris

15

SMALL INTESTINE

- Hookworms
- Ascaris
- Strongyloides
- Capillaria
- Tapeworms

16


SHEATHED FILARIALS

- Wuchereria bancrofti
- Brugia malayi
- Brugia timori
- Loa loa

17

TISSUE NEMATODES

- Parastrongylus/Angiostrongylus
- Trichinella
- Dracunculus

18


DUODENAL ASPIRATE

- Strongyloides
- Giardia

19

URINE

- Wuchereria
- Trichomonas hominis
- Schistosoma haematobium

20


LARVA IN SPUTUM

- Ascaris
- Strongyloides
- Hookworms

21

OVA IN SPUTUM

- Paragonimus

22

CYST IN SPUTUM

- Echinococcus

23

PROTOZOANS IN SPUTUM

- E. histolytica trophozoites
- Cryptosporidium oocysts
- E. gingivalis
- T. tenax

24

CSF

- Parastrongylus larva
- Naegleria trophozoites
- Trypanosoma trophozoites

25

MUSCLE BIOPSY

- Trichinella encysted larva
- T. solium larva
- Spirometra

26

QUANTITATIVE REPORTING

- B. hominis
- Helminth Eggs
- C. sinensis
- Schistosoma
- Plasmodium
- Babesia
- Charcot-Leyden crystals

27


IMMATURE EGGS WHEN PASSED

- Paragonimus
- Echinostoma
- Fasciola
- Fasciolopsis

28


MATURE EGGS WHEN PASSED

- Schistosoma
- Heterophyids
- Opistorchis
- Clonorchis

29

MESENTERIC VEINS

- Schistosoma

30

LUNG PARENCHYMA

- Paragonimus

31

LIVER

- Fasciola

32

BILE DUCT

- Clonorchis
- Opistorchis

33


SMALL INTESTINES

- Fasciolopsis
- Echinostoma
- Heterophyids

34

FURCOCERCUS CERCARIA

- Schistosoma

35


MICROCERCUS CERCARIA

- Paragonimus

36

LOPHOCERCUS CERCARIA

- Clonorchis
- Metagonimus
- Heterophyes

37

PLEUROLOPHOCERCUS CERCARIA

- Opistorchis

38

LARVAL STAGES IN SNAILS

(M- miracidia / S - sporocyst / R - rediae / C - cercariae)

* MSRC : Opistorchiidae
* MSC : Schistosomes
* SRC : Paragonimus, Echinostoma, Fasciola, Fasciolopsis
* RC : Echinostoma

39

TREMATODES' 2ND IH

* CRABS/CRAYFISH : Paragonimus
* PLANTS : Fasciolopsis, Fasciola
* SNAIL : Echinostoma, Artyfechinostomum
* FISH : Heterophyid, Opistorchiidae

40

NEMATODES' INFECTIVE STAGES

* EMBRYONATED EGGS : Ascaris, Trichuris, Enterobius
* FILARIFORM LARVA : Hookworms, Strongyloides, Capillaria, Parastrongylus, Dracunculus
* L3 : Filarial Nematodes
* ENCYSTED LARVA : Trichinella

41

NEMATODES' DIAGNOSTIC STAGES

* UNEMBRYONATED EGG : Trichuris, Capillaria
* EMBRYONATED EGG : Enterobius (same as its infective stage)
* EGG AND ADULT : Ascaris
* EGG : Hookworms
* ADULT WORM : Parastrongylus, Dracunculus
* RHABDITIFORM LARVA : Strongyloides
* MICROFILARIA : Filarial Nematodes

42

NEMATODES WITH INTERMEDIATE HOSTS

* Capillaria : Freshwater fish
* Parastrongylus : Snail/Slug, Man
* Gnathostoma : (1st) Copepods, (2nd) Frogs

43

CESTODES' INFECTIVE STAGES

* CYSTICERCUS : Taenia spp.
* CERCOCYSTIS : H. nana, H. diminuta, D. caninum
* PLEROCERCOID : D. latum, Spirometra
* HYDATID CYST : Echinococcus

44

CESTODES' DIAGNOSTIC STAGES

* EGGS, SCOLEX, PROGLOTTID : Taenia
* EGGS : Hymenolepis nana
* EGGS, ADULT WITH SCOLEX : Hymenolepis diminuta
* PROGLOTTIDS : D. caninum
* EGGS, PROGLOTTIDS : D. latum
* CYST : Echinococcus