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Flashcards in General anatomical knowledge Deck (57)
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1

What is a sesamoid bone?

A bone that is incorporated in a tendon

2

What type of joint is a glenohumeral joint? And what is the other name for this joint?

Ball and socket. Shoulder joint

3

What bone is the most lateral on the proximal carpal row of the wrist?

Scaphoid

4

What is an articulation?

The meeting of two bone surfaces

5

What is a facet?

These are a set of synovial, plane joints between the articular processes of two adjacent vertebrae.

6

What is a condyle?

A rounded surface (knucke-like) that articulates with another bone

7

What is a projection?

A raised marking - for example spinous processes of the vertebrae

8

What is an eminence?

A projection that is typically smooth

9

What is the head of a bone?

A region that is the prominent expanded end of a bone

10

What is a crest?

A narrow ridge

11

What is an epicondyle?

A projection that is superior to the condyle

12

What is a process?

A body prominence (area that is raised above it's surroundings)

13

What is a spine (spinous)?

A sharp, slender, or narrow process

14

What is a tubercle?

A small, rounded projection

15

What is a tuberosity?

A rough, elevated surface

16

What is a fossa?

A shallow depression

17

What is sulcus?

A groove for a tendon, nerve, or blood vessel

18

What closed embryological remnant connects the aortic arch and the pulmonary trunk?

Ligamentum Arteriosum

19

What vessels provides the arterial supply to head and neck?

Common carotid artery

20

What peripheral pulse can be found at the medial side of the ankle joint?

Posterior tibial artery pulse

21

What chamber is the sinoatrial node located in?

Right Atrium.

22

What type of epithelium lines the oesophagus?

Stratified squamus, non-keratinised.

23

What are the changes to the muscle layers as the oesophagus descends to the stomach?

A transition from skeletal muscle (top third) to skeletal/smooth (mid third) to smooth (lower third).

24

The oesophagus is posterior to the?

Heart.

25

Name the sphincter that prevents acid reflux.

Lower oesophageal sphincter.

26

Referring to the regions of the abdomen: where does the stomach lie?

Left hypochondrium.

27

Referring to the regions of the abdomen: where does the liver lie?

Right hypochondrium, but due to size can also spill into the epigastric region.

28

Referring to the regions of the abdomen: where does the bladder lie?

Suprapubic / hypogastric (same region, different names).

29

What activates the proteolytic enzyme pepsin (from pepsinogen) in the stomach?

Hydrochloric acid.

30

What branch of the abdominal aorta supplies the stomach?

Coeliac Trunk