General Anatomical Terms Flashcards Preview

Human Anatomy Fall 2017 > General Anatomical Terms > Flashcards

Flashcards in General Anatomical Terms Deck (119):
1

Acetabulum

Shallow vinegar cup

2

Acromion

Upper most

3

Ala

Wing

4

Alveolus

Small hollow space

5

Ampulla

Little jar

6

Anatomy

To separate or take apart; dissect

7

Anastomosis (Anastomoses)

Opening; natural communication between two vessels

8

Apex

Tip

9

Aponeurosis

Tendinous expansion

10

Arch

a bow

11

Ascending

Traveling superiorly

12

Axilla

Armpit

13

Azygos

Unpaired

14

Base

The lower part or foundation

15

Brachium

Arm; shorter, so specifically arm, not forearm

16

Brevis

short

17

canal

narrow tube or channel

18

cardiac

related to the heart

19

carpal

related to the wrist

20

cecum

blind gut

21

celiac

belly

22

cephalic

cranial; pertaining to the head

23

colic

referring to the colon

24

condyle

Knuckle; rounded protuberance

25

Constrictor

Structure designed to close off a passage way

26

Coracoid

Crow's beak

27

Coronoid

hooked/curved

28

corpus

body

29

cortex

external layer, bark, shell, rind

30

costal

Related to the ribs

31

coxa

hip

32

crest

ridge or elongated prominence

33

cruciate

cross shaped

34

Crus (Crura)

leg(s)

35

cutaneous

pertaining to the skin

36

cystic

bladder

37

descending

traveling inferiorly

38

Dexter/Dextral

On the right side; pertaining to the right side

39

Dilator

Structure designed to dilate an opening

40

Duodenum

12 at a time (12 finger breadths in length)

41

epiploic

omentum

42

extension

To increase the angle between the bones forming a joint

43

Extrinsic

Coming from the outside

44

facet

Small face; smooth area on a bone

45

falciform

sickle shaped

46

fascia

a band

47

fimbria

fringe

48

fissure

a groove, cleft or slit

49

Foramen (Foramina)

A passage or opening; hole

50

fornix

arch

51

fossa

shallow depression

52

Fovea

Pit or cup like depression

53

fundus

Part of hollow organ far from mouth of that organ

54

gastric

stomach

55

genu

knee

56

haustrum

drawer

57

hepatic

liver

58

hiatus

gap, cleft or opening

59

hilum

Region where vessels enter or exit an organ

60

Infundibulum

Funnel-shaped

61

inguinal

groin

62

intrinsic

Belonging solely to that part; situated entirely within

63

isthemus

Narrow connection between two bodies

64

Jejunum

empty

65

lamina

thin, flat layer

66

levator

lifter

67

linea alba

white line

68

longus

long

69

lumborum

lumbar region

70

magnum

great

71

median

central or middle

72

medulla

innermost part

73

mesentary

double layer of peritoneum

74

metrium

uterus

75

notch

deep indentation or narrow gap

76

omos

shoulder

77

Parietal

Pertaining to the walls of a cavity

78

pecten

comb

79

pectoral

Pertaining to the chest wall

80

pedicle

little foot

81

Peritoneum

Stretch around (lining of abdominal wall)

82

Phrenic

Pertaining to the thoracic diaphragm

83

Piriform

pear shaped

84

plexus

braid or gateway

85

portal

door orgateway

86

process

a bony projection

87

Pudendal

Modest; to feel ashamed (external genitalia)

88

Pulmonary

Lungs

89

Pylorus

Gate guard

90

ramus

branch

91

raphe

seam

92

rectus

straight

93

reccurent

Returning; traveling back the way it came

94

renal

kidney

95

Retinaculum

to retain

96

root

proximal end of a structure

97

Rugae

Wrinkles or folds

98

Salpinx

Tube; trumpet

99

Serratus

saw-like

100

sheath

Connective tissue tube covering other structures

101

Sigmoid

ā€œSā€ shaped

102

Sinister

Left; pertaining to the left side of the body

103

sinus

curve, hollow

104

skeleton

dried up body

105

soma

body

106

sphincter

Structure designed to close an opening

107

spine

thorn-like process

108

splanchnic

pertaining to viscera

109

styloid

long and pointed

110

teres

round

111

Trabeculum

Supporting or anchoring strand

112

trochlea

system of pulleys

113

Tubercle

little swelling

114

tuerosity

Elevated round process of bone

115

ventricle

small cavity

116

vermiform

worm-like

117

vesicle

urinary bladder

118

vestibule

space at the entrance to a canal

119

visceral

pertaining to the organs