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Flashcards in General anatomy questions Deck (25):
1

What is the Achilles tendon?

Connects the calf muscle to the calcaneus

2

Which 3 muscles are associated with the Achilles tendon?

- gastrocnemius
- plantaris
- soleus

3

Which ligament is associated with the tibial tuberosity?

Patellar ligament

4

What is the iliotibial tract?

Connective tissue which joins together tendons such as the tensor fasciae latae and gluteus maximus.

5

Which bone of the foot articulates with the tibia?

Talus

6

What is the function of the interosseous membrane?

- Binds neighbouring bones
- Permits slight movement

7

Fractures of the tibia often result in fractures of the fibula. Why?

The force is transmitted from the tibia through the interosseous membrane to the fibula.

8

What type of bone is the patella?

Sesamoid

9

In terms of formation, what is a key feature of a sesamoid bone?

They are not fully ossified.

10

What is the function of sesamoid bones?

- Protect tendons from friction
- Improve the mechanical advantage at a joint

11

Which bone of the hand is a sesamoid bone?

Pisiform

12

Which 2 places are sesamoid bones located (apart from the pisiform & patella)?

- head of 1st metacarpal bone
- head of 1st metatarsal bone

13

which bone of the hand has a hook?

Hamate

14

Which finger only has 2 phalanges, give the medical name.

Pollex

15

What is the medical term for the big toe?

Hollux

16

At which 2 points do the radius and ulna articulate?

- Radial notch (ulna) at the head of the radius
- Ulnar notch (radius) at the head of the ulna

17

Where do the radius and humerus articulate?

Styloid process (radius) and capitulum (humerus)

18

Where do the radius and carpal bones articulate?

Styloid process (radius) and lunate (carpals)

19

What structures are contained within the radial sulcus?

- Radial nerve
- Deep branchial artery

20

What is found within the intertubercular sulcus?

Tendon of the long head of the biceps

21

What is the function of the intertubercular sulcus?

To separate the greater and lesser tubercles

22

What shape is the deltoid tuberosity?

Triangular

23

What muscle inserts into the deltoid tuberosity?

Deltoid muscle

24

Which 2 bones articulate the clavicle?

- Sternum
- Scapula

25

What 3 things are unusual about the ossification of the clavicle?

1. Ossifies before any other bone
2. Ossified from 3 centres
3. Ossification is intramembranous.