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Flashcards in General Cancer Questions Deck (10)
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1

Risk factors for cancer include:

A. Excessive consumption of fruits and vegetables
B. High fiber, low fat diet
C. Limited exposure to ultraviolet rays of the sun
D. Frequent heavy consumption of alcohol

D. Frequent heavy consumption of alcohol

2

You are caring for a female patient with cancer. The patient's daughter is worried about her mother, but also herself and her own cancer risk. In answering her questions about hereditary cancers, you formulate your responses based on your knowledge that:

A. Smokers are more likely to develop lung cancer if they have a family history of the disease.
B. Hereditary cancers are usually diagnosed at an advanced age.
C. The incidence of breast cancer is the same whether there is a family history of the disease.
D. About 50% of cancers are inherited.

A. Smokers are more likely to develop lung cancer if they have a family history of the disease.

3

You are teaching your patient about prevention and detection of cancer. The most appropriate advice would include which of the following? Select all that apply.

A. Eat a balanced diet that includes vegetables, fruit, whole grains, and fiber.
B. Know the seven warning signs of cancer.
C. Seek out stress in order to "fully experience" life.
D. Perform monthly breast examinations only if you are female.
E. Seek immediate medical care if you notice a change in what is normal for you.

A. Eat a balanced diet that includes vegetables, fruit, whole grains, and fiber.
B. Know the seven warning signs of cancer.
E. Seek immediate medical care if you notice a change in what is normal for you.

4

Which of the following is true regarding cell mechanisms and growth?
A. Abnormal cell growth or proliferation equates with cancer.
B. Cancer cells divide and multiply in the same manner as the cells from which they are derived.
C. The loss of immunosurveillance, or B-cell function, increases the risk of certain cancers.
D. Metastasis can occur via direct spread, circulation, or transplantation.

D. Metastasis can occur via direct spread, circulation, or transplantation.

5

Which of the following diagnostic tests uses high frequency sound waves to examine internal structures of the body?
A. Ultrasound testing
B. Tomography
C. Radioisotope studies
D. Magnetic resonance imaging

A. Ultrasound testing

6

The cancer antigen that may be detected in the blood and may be elevated in gynecologic cancers is known as:

A. PSA
B. CA-125
C. CEA
D. Calcitonin level

B. CA-125

7

Your older adult patient says to you, "All of my friends have cancer, it seems. Why is that?" In formulating your response, you recall the following true statement(s) about cancer and the older adult?

A. Breast and lung cancers are rarely seen in older adults.
B. The incidence of cancer increases with age.
C. Multiple myeloma is seen more frequently in young adults than in older adults.
D. It is easy to distinguish between cancer and normal changes of aging.

B. The incidence of cancer increases with age.

8

Your patient with cancer is about to undergo surgery. Select the following true statement regarding the role of surgical interventions in the treatment of cancer.

A. If cancer has already metastasized to other areas of the body, surgery is pointless.
B. A radical surgical approach to operable tumors is considered to be the standard of care.
C. The use of laser beam as an alternative to some surgical procedures has the drawback of excessive bleeding.
D. When surgery may result in an altered body image, the patient may benefit from talking with another patient who has undergone a similar operation.

D. When surgery may result in an altered body image, the patient may benefit from talking with another patient who has undergone a similar operation.

9

Which of the following reflects accurate information regarding the use of radiation therapy for the treatment of cancer?

A. Skin care for the patient receiving external radiation therapy includes the use of powder or ointment on the marked area where the external radiation will be directed.
B. Unsealed internal radiation is also known as brachytherapy.
C. A patient with a radioactive implant will have radiation in the urine.
D. Nursing care for the patient with a radioactive implant should be carried out with the nurse standing 6 feet away from the patient when not giving care, and limiting time in the room to 10 minutes.

D. Nursing care for the patient with a radioactive implant should be carried out with the nurse standing 6 feet away from the patient when not giving care, and limiting time in the room to 10 minutes.

10

Your oncology patient is about to undergo chemotherapy. What can you expect?

A. Complete baldness always results from chemotherapy.
B. Leukocytosis is a common problem for patients receiving chemotherapy.
C. Fresh flowers should be discouraged in the room of a patient with neutropenia.
D. Chemotherapy only affects malignant cells.

C. Fresh flowers should be discouraged in the room of a patient with neutropenia.