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Flashcards in General Concepts Deck (15):

How soon after recognizing the symptoms of cardiac arrest should you begin chest compressions?

Within 10 seconds


At what rate should you give chest compressions?



What depth should you compress the chest to?

2 - 2.4 inches


What is the Chain of Survival for in-hospital cardiac arrest (IHCA)?

1) Surveillance, prevention, and treatment of pre-arrest conditions.
2) Recognition of cardiac arrest
3) Activation of emergency response system (code team).
3) Early CPR with emphasis on chest compressions.
4) Rapid defibrillation.
5) Cath lab
6) ICU


What is the chain of survival for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA)?

1) Recognition of cardiac arrest.
2) Call for help and insure defibrillator is on the way.
3) Start CPR.
4) Defibrillation
5) Advanced life support
6) Cath lab
7) ICU


How do you know if a victim is in cardiac arrest?

1) Unresponsive
2) Not breathing or only gasping.
3) No pulse.


What occurs when the heart develops an abnormal rhythm and can't pump blood?

Cardiac arrest


What occurs when blood flow to part of the heart muscle is blocked?

Heart attack


A heart attack is a _________ problem.



Cardiac arrest is a ____________ problem.



What are the signs and symptoms of a stroke?

1) Sudden numbness or weakness of the face, arm, or leg.
2) Sudden confusion, trouble speaking, or trouble understanding.
3) Trouble seeing in one or both eyes.
4) Sudden trouble walking, dizziness, loss of balance or coordination.
5) Sudden severe headache with no known cause.


What are the warning signs of a heart attack?

1) Chest pain for longer than 15-20 min (most important)
2) Nausea, vomiting, or SOB
3) A feeling of weakneess


What groups of people are most likely to present with unusual or only vague symptoms when experiencing a heart attack?

Women and diabetics


What gives you the very best chance of saving someone whose heart was stopped?

1) Beginning CPR right away
2) Use AED within just a few minutes


What is the pediatric chain of survival?

1) Prevention of arrest
2) Early CPR
3) Prompt access to EMS/early 911
4) Rapid pediatric advanced life support
5) Integrated post-cardiac arrest care