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Flashcards in General Principles Deck (19)
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1

Drugs versus Medications

Drug- Foreign substances placed in the body Medication- Drugs used for medical purposes

2

6 Rights of Medication Administration

right person

right medication

right dose

right time

right route

right documentation

3

Medical asepsis

Medical environment free of pathogens

4

Sterile environment

Free of all forms of life

5

Medically clean

Careful handling of sterile equipment

6

Disinfectants vs Antiseptics

disinfectant - toxic to living tissue antiseptic - non toxic to living tissue

7

What information do you record when administering a medication? (5 major items)

-Indication for drug

-Dosage and route delivered

-Patient's response to the medication (both positive and negative)

-Patient's condition and vital signs before and after

-Record and document

8

Pulmonary Medication Administration 2 routes

Inhalation - nebulizer, inhalers

Endotracheal Tube - when IV or IO unavailable .. absorbed through pulmonary capillaries

9

Enteral Medication Administration 3 routes

Orally

Gastric tube

Rectally

10

Parenternal Medication Administration

Uses needles and syringes

11

Intradermal Injection

Define Size needle Degree of insertion

Within the skin

25-27 ga needle, 3/8 - 1 inch long 10-15 degree angle

12

Subcutaneous Injection

Define Size needle Degree of insertion

Below the skin

24-26 ga needle, 3/8 -1 inch long 45 degree angle

13

Intramuscular Injection

Define Size needle Degree of insertion

WIthin the muscle

21-23 ga needle, 3/8-1 inch long 90 degree angle

14

Intraveneous Access

Define 2 types

Within the vein

Peripheral venous and central venous

15

Colloidal solution

Define Name 4 common Colloids

Contain large proteins that cannot pass through the capillary membrane.

Remain in the circulatory system for a long time (We don't use prehospital)

- Plasmanate, Albumin, Dextran, Hespan

16

Isotonic Solution

These have a tonicity equal to that of blood plasma. In a normally hydrated pt, will not cause a significant fluid shift.

17

Hypertonic Solution

These have a higher solute concentration than do the cells. In a normally hydrated pt, they cause fluid to shift out of the Intracellular compartment and into the extracellular compartment.

18

Hypotonic

These have a lower solute concentration than do the cells. In a normally hydrated pt, they cause fluid to shift from the extracellular compartment into the intracellular compartment.

19

IO Access Sites

4 most common sites

Proxima tibia (most common)

- Medial and inferior to anterior tibial tuberosity)

Medial malleolus of distal tibia

Humeral head Sternum