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Flashcards in General Questions Deck (66):
1

What region produces more wine than Bordeaux?

Languedoc

2

As of 2004, what was Bordeaux's total vineyard area?

306,000 acres

3

How did the Dutch evolve Bordeaux as a wine region?

By creating a complex series of drainage channels throughout the area, making it suitable for viticulure in the mid-1600s.

4

When was Bordeaux ruled by England?

1152 to 1453

5

Who were courtiers?

Wine brokers in Medoc.

6

What is the climate of Bordeaux?

Maritime

7

What is Bordeaux's springtime generally like?

damp

8

What protects the region from harsh winds?

Coastal pine forests

9

What problems come with a wet spring?

Mold and rot

10

What can springtime frost lead to?

Couloure and millerandage

11

In what kind of soil does Cabernet Franc excel in?

limestone

12

Which grape is the last grape to ripen in Bordeaux

Petit Verdot

13

What is the northern region of Medoc?

Bas-Medoc

14

What are jalles?

Drainage channels

15

How many chateaux are at each growth level, from 1 to 5?

5
14
14
10
18

16

When was Cru Artisan formally recognized?

2002

17

How many producers can use the Cru Artisan label?

44

18

What are the 3 categories of Cru Bourgeois?

Cru Bourgeios Exceptionnel
Cru Bourgeios Superieur
Cru Bourgeios

19

What is the northernmost commune appellation in Haut-Medoc?

Saint-Estephe

20

What is the style of St Estephe?

Sturdy, full-bodied. Slightly higher percentage of Merlot, due to higher proportion of clay in gravel.

21

Where is the gravel topsoil of Haut-Medoc at its deepest point?

Pauillac

22

What is the most famous estate in the Medoc satellite AOPs?

Chateau Chasse-Spleen

23

What is the largest communal appellation in Haut-Medoc?

Margaux

24

What are the five villages of Margaux?

Cantenac
Labarde
Arsac
Margaux
Soussans

25

What are Margaux wines often described as?

feminine, floral, exotic, with finesse

26

Who and when was the first Graves estate identified?

Chateau Pape-Clement in 1305.

27

What is boulbenes?

The soil of Graves, a mixture of sand, gravel and light clay.

28

How much of Graves production is white?

25%

29

What 3 grape elements are heightened after botrytis attacks the grape?

Sugar, acidity, glycerol.

30

Sauturnes lies at the confluence of what two rivers?

Ciron/Garonne

31

What is the name of Chateau d'Yquem's dry wine?

Ygrec

32

Chateau Ausone is named after who?

4th Century Roman poet Ausonius

33

Which St Emilion chateau uses more Cabernet Sauvignon than most?

Chateau Figeac

34

When was the St Emilion ranking formed?

1954

35

What year's St Emilion revisions were scuttled?

2006

36

How many properties are at each level of St Emilion classe?

4
14
64

37

How much more alcohol must St Emilion Grand Cru have vs St Emilion?

+0.5%

38

How many square miles is Pomerol?

5

39

Describe the soil of Pomerol?

The soil of Pomerol is dominated by sand, clay and gravel, with a subsoil of iron pan and rich clay (crasse de fer).

40

What is Cab Franc known as in Pomerol?

Bouchet

41

What are the 4 satellite appellations of St Emilion?

Lussac
St Geroges
Montagne
Puisseguin

42

Where are Bordeaux's oldest vineyards?

Bourg/Cotes de Bourg

43

What two rivers is Entre-Deux-Mers between?

Dordogne/Garonne

44

What sweet white wine appellations are on the eastern shore of the Garonne?

Loupiac
Ste Croix du Mont
Cadillac

45

What are the 4 St Emilion Grands Cru Classes A?

Chateau Angelus
Chateau Ausone
Chateau Cheval Blanc
Chateau Pavie

46

What are the 14 St Emilion Grands Cru Classe b?

Château Beau-Séjour Bécot
Château Beauséjour (Duffau-Lagarrosse)
Château Bélair-Monange (known simply as Belair until the 2008 vintage)
Château Canon
Château Canon-la-Gaffelière***
Château Figeac
Clos Fourtet
Château La Gaffelière
Château Larcis-Ducasse***
La Mondotte***
Château Pavie-Macquin*
Château Troplong-Mondot*
Château Trottevieille
Château Valandraud***

47

What is the assemblage of Bordeaux/Superieur Blanc?

Min 70% Semillon, Sauvignon Blanc, Sauvignon Gris, Muscadelle

48

What is the assemblage of Bordeaux/Superieur Rouge/Rose?

Cabernet Sauvignon, Cab Franc, Malbec, Merlot, Petit Verdot, Carmenere

49

When was Cremant de Bordeaux established?

1990

50

What are the 6 AOPs of Graves?

Graves
Graves Superieures
Pessac-Leognan
Cerons
Barsac
Sauternes

51

What is the minimum RS of Barsac?

45 g/l

52

What are the 5 communes of Sauternes?

Barsac
Sauternes
Fargues
Preignac
Bommes

53

What are the 8 AOPs of Medoc?

Medoc
Haut Medoc
Saint Estephe
Pauillac
Saint Julien
Listrac-Medoc
Moulis en Medoc
Margaux

54

What are the 5 communes of Margaux?

Margaux
Soussans
Cantenac
Labarde
Arsac

55

What are the 5 communes of Pauillac?

Cissac-Medoc
Pauillac
Saint Estephe
Saint Julien Beychevelle
Saint Saveur

56

What are the communes of St Estephe?

St Estephe. That's it.

DEAL WITH IT

57

What are the communes of St Julien?

Saint Julien Beychevelle
Cussac Fort Medoc
Pauillac
Saint-Laurent Medoc

58

What are the 10 AOPs of Right Bank Bordeaux?

Saint Emilion
Saint Emilion Grand Cru
Lussac St Emilion
Montagne St Emilion
Puisseguin St Emilion
St Georges St Emilion
Pomerol
Lalande de Pomerol
Canon Fronsac
Fronsac

59

What are the communes of St Emilion?

Libourne
Saint-Christophe-des-Bardes
Saint-Emilion
Saint-Etienne-de-Lisse
Saint-Hippolyte
Saint-Laurent-des-Combes
Saint-Pey-d'Armes
Saint-Sulpice-de-Faleyrens
Vignonet

60

What are the two communes of Canon Fronsac?

Fronsac
Saint Michel de Fronsac

61

What are the assemblage requirements of Fronsac/Canon Fronsac?

Min 50% Cab, Cab Franc, Merlot

62

What is the assemblage of Montagne St Emilion?

Min 70% Cab, Cab Franc, Merlot, Malbec

63

What is the assemblage of Lussac St Emilion?

Min 90% Cab, Cab Franc, Merlot, Malbec

64

What is the assemblage of Puisseguin St Emilion?

Min 90% Cab, Cab Franc, Merlot, Malbec

65

What are the two communes of Pomerol?

Libourne
Pomerol

66

What are the two communes of Lalande-de-Pomerol?

Lalande-de-Pomerol'
Neac