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Flashcards in Generic Part A & B Deck (171)
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When do we not need a destination alternate?

Flight < 6 Hours. Visibility above 5km. Ceiling 2000ft or circling plus 500ft. Two separate runways. OMA


When can we consider runways to be separated?

Separate approach procedures based on separate approach aids. If they cross a blockage on one does not prevent the planned operation on the other. OMA


When do we require two destination alternates?

If destination weather is unavailable. If destination weather is below planning minimal for ETA +- 1 hour. Landing not assured as destination as landing depends on specific wind component/runway state. OMA


When planning for an alternate, the TAF indicates in a PROB/TEMPO that the weather will be below limits. Can this alternate be used?

Yes. PROB/TEMPO can be disregarded.


What is the planning minima for a Take-off alternate?

At or above the minimal for the expected instrument approach. Any limitation related to OEI or dispatch under the MEL shall be taken into consideration.


Within what distance must a Take-off alternate be?

1 hour still air flight time at OEI cruising speed. 320nm.


Within what distance must a cruise alternate be?

A319 - 380nm. A320 - 400nm.


What is the planning minima for a destination alternate if only a non-precision approach is available?

MDA + 200ft RVR + 1000m


How long is a tempo forecast expected to last?

Individually less than one hour each episode. In aggregate less than half of the period specified.


How much extra fuel should be carried for LVP's?

Half an hour. About 1000kgs.


What is the final reserve?

30 minutes holding fuel. 1500ft above destination alternate aerodrome. ISA conditions. Expected weight overhead the destination alternate aerodrome.


If planning to tanker maximum fuel, what are the maximum landing weight considerations to base your tanker figure around?

MLW - (1% of MLW) A320 LW = MLW - 660kg = 65,340 kg. A319 LW = MLW - 610kg = 60,390kg.


When can you not tanker fuel?

When you expect to land on a contaminated or slippery runway. When expecting to land on a performance limited runway.


For fuel planning, what is the associated fuel usage associated with – Engine Anti Ice, Engine + Wing Anti Ice, Taxi Fuel, APU Fuel, Trip fuel adjustment for increased track mileage, or reduced track mileage

Engine Anti Ice 1 kg/min or 2kg/min in the hold  Engine + Wing Anti Ice 2 kg/min or 3 kg/min in the hold Taxi Fuel Single Engine: 7 kg/min Two Engines: 10 kg/min APU Fuel 2 kg/min (120 kg/hour)  Trip fuel adjustment for increased track mileage, or reduced track mileage Reduction of mileage: 4 kg / nm Increase in mileage: 5 kg / nm


What is contingency fuel?

5% of trip fuel, or 5 minutes holding at 1,500 feet above destination aerodrome, ISA conditions


What is contingency fuel carried for?

Unforeseen adverse circumstances: Unfavourable Flight Level Unfavourable Track Unfavourable Unforecast Wind


What is the minimum RFF category for departure, destination and alternates?

Departure/Destination - Normally 6, although can be reduced to 5 if low traffic. This can be reduced to 4 if temporary downgrade less than 72 hours. Alternates - Non-UK 4, UK 5


What is the fuel for landing for Normal, Caution and Emergency phases? And what would your actions be?

Normal: CNR

Caution: May be below CNR at destination. 

  • Re-plan with a closer alternate
  • Decrease speed (Cost Index Minimum)  Obtain direct routes 
  • Fly optimum Flight Level 
  • Land & refuel.

Emergency: Below Final Reserve Fuel at destination.

  • May land with less than final reserve fuel: Advise ATC of a minimum fuel state by declaring "MINIMUM FUEL".  This tells ATC that all planned aerodrome options have been reduced to a specific aerodrome, and any change to the clearance will result in landing with less than planned final reserve.
  • WILL land with less than final reserve fuel: “MAYDAY” call reporting fuel remaining in minutes.


What are the limitations of LMC's?

  • New load sheet required if   +10 or -20 Pax
  • New Performance calculation if
    • Positive LMC & TOGA Take-off planned 
    • Positive LMC > 250 kg 
    • MACTOW changed by more than 2%


What is the minimum oil quantity? 

9.5 quarts + 0.5 quart per hour of expected flight.


What are the RVSM requirements?

  • 2 ADRs
  • 2 PFDs (Primary Altimeters must agree within 200 feet prior to & during RVSM flight.)
  • 1 AP
  • 1 FCU
  • 1 FWC
  • 1 Transponder with Mode S


When does positioning count as a sector?

  • If positioning within an FDP containing a split duty.
  • Unless it is at the end of the FDP then it doesn’t count as a sector.


When can we extend an FDP as part of a split duty?

  • Two or more sectors separated by a period of time less than a minimum rest period.
  • < 3hours rest:  max. extension is NIL
  • 3 to 10 hours rest:  max extension is half of the consecutive hours of rest taken.


What are the absolute limits on flying hours? 

  • 28 consecutive days:  100 hours 
  • 1 Year:    900 hours


What are the maximum duty hours?

  • 7 consecutive days:   55 hours (can be extended to 60 due to unforeseen delays.)
  • 14 consecutive days:  95 hours
  • 28 consecutive days:  190 hours


How many hours can go into discretion to extend an FDP?

  • 2 hours
  • 3 hours immediately prior to final sector or on a single sector day. 


When must a discretion report be filed?

  • Discretion > 2 hours
  • Reduced Rest > 1 hour
  • Exceedance of cumulative limits on flying.


What is the order of priority of the easyJet suite of operating manuals?

  1. Company NOTAMS, Crew Alerts and Crew Bulletins
  2. Notices to crew (NTC) – Operational information, which are, specified as superseding Operating manuals
  3. OEB's
  4. Operations Manuals
  5. FCOM
  6. FCTM

Captains Now Obey Overtly Flying Forever


State a number of responsibilities of the commander

  • Safe operation of the aircraft & for the safety of its occupants & cargo
  • May offload any pax or cargo that in his opinion will represent a potential hazard to safety of the aircraft 
  • Will not allow any pax to be drunk to the extent that the safety of the aircraft or occupants is compromised
  • In an emergency situation that requires immediate decision or action, take any action he deems necessary & in such an event he may deviate from the rules, operational procedures & methods in the interests of safety. 


What are the First Officer handling limits?

  • Cross Wind:
    • SFO: 20 knots 
    • FO: 20 knots
  • No planned tailwind for *** FO
  • No Flaps 3 landings for *** FO (unless required by an emergency procedure.)
  • No FO takeoff if VIS < 400 m
  • No Contaminated Runway
  • No Windshear
  • Minimum Runway width 45 m
  • Minimum VIS for Circling 5,000 m