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Flashcards in Genetic Engineering Deck (10):
0

Plasmid

Short circular piece of DNA found in bacterial cells

1

Restriction enzyme

Enzyme that cuts DNA molecules at specific points

2

DNA ligase

Enzyme that joins cut ends of DNA molecules allowing genes to be put into plasmids

3

Recombinant DNA

DNA that has been created from different sources

4

Vector

The means of transferring DNA into an organism (eg a plasmid or a virus)

5

Transgenic cell

An organism whose DNA has been genetically altered

6

How would the genetically modified insulin-producing bacteria be used to produce significant amounts of insulin

They are cultured in fermenters

7

Concerns over genetically modified high yielding plants

The plants could spread to other areas and would compete with other species and take over a habitat

8

Transgenic organism

An organism that has had genes transferred to it from another species

9

Bacteriophage

A type of virus that infects bacterial cells