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Flashcards in Genetic Mutations and Engineering Deck (25)
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1

Karyotype

A photomicrograph of all the chromosomes in a typical dividing cell

2

What are most karyotypes called?

Autosomes

3

What are 1 pair of karyotypes called?

Sex chromosomes

4

Genetic mapping is also known as

Chromosome mapping

5

A technique showing a linear order of genes on a chromosome

Genetic mapping (chromosome mapping)

6

Genetic mapping (chromosome mapping)

A technique showing a linear order of genes on a chromosome

7

How many mutations are there?

2

8

What are the 2 mutations?

Chromosome mutations
Gene mutations

9

Involve changed to the STRUCTURE of a chromosome or the adding or the subtraction of a chromosome

Chromosome mutations

10

Chromosome mutations

Involve changed to the STRUCTURE of a chromosome or the adding or the subtraction of a chromosome

11

What are the 4 kinds of chromosome mutations?

Deletion
Inversion
Transcription
Non-disjunction

12

A piece of a chromosome breaks off and is gone in chromosome mutations

Deletion

13

A piece of chromosome breaks off and flips around

Inversion

14

A piece of chromosome breaks off and attaches to another chromosome in chromosome mutation?

Transcription

15

A chromosome fails to separate during meiosis. One cell can get an extra chromosomes, and another has 1 less

Non-disjunction

16

_____ _____ results from non-disjunction

Down's syndrome

17

Mutation that changes to a gene

Gene mutationInvolve changed to the STRUCTURE of a chromosome or the adding or the subtraction of a chromosome

18

A photomicrograph of all the chromosomes in a typical dividing cell

Karyotype

19

The addition or removal of a single nucleotide in gene mutation

Point mutation

20

What can happen in point mutation?

Effect a gene

21

1 nucleotide replaces another nucleotide

Substitution

22

What can happen in substitution in gene mutation?

Affect proteins

23

A misreading of the code during protein synthesis in gene synthesis is?

Frame shift

24

A diagram that shows the occurrence of a trait through several generations

Pedigree

25

Pedigree

A diagram that shows the occurrence of a trait through several generations