Geography, Climate and Soils - Upper Ebro Flashcards Preview

Unit 3 - Spain > Geography, Climate and Soils - Upper Ebro > Flashcards

Flashcards in Geography, Climate and Soils - Upper Ebro Deck (27)
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1
Q

Rioja is named after what river?

A

The Rio Oja, a tributary of the Ebro.

2
Q

How many hectares is Rioja?

A

63,000ha

3
Q

What geographical formation is important to Rioja Alavesa and Alta and why?

A

The mountain range of the Sierra de Cantabria, protects from Atlantic winds to the north, without which it would be too windy for viticulture.

4
Q

What are the climates of the three Rioja sub-regions?

A

Rioja Alavesa - Atlantic-Maritime
Rioja Alta - Mediterranean influenced Atlantic-maritime
Rioja Baja - Mediterranean

5
Q

What are the generalised soil formations of the three sub-regions of Rioja?

A

Rioja Alavesa - Calcareous clay
Rioja Alta - Calcareous clay, ferruginous clay and alluvial soil.
Rioja Baja - Ferruginous clay and alluvial soil

6
Q

What is the annual temperature range, annual rainfall and sunshine hours of Rioja?

A
  • 40°C to -4°C
  • 450mm
  • 2800 hours
7
Q

Rioja Alavesa is located where? At what altitude? What key points differentiate its climate from the other two zones?

A
  • Basque country, closest to the Bay of Biscay
  • North of the River Ebro in the north of the region
  • 400-500m above sea level
  • The coolest and wettest of the three regions
8
Q

Where is Rioja Alta located? At what altitude? Describe its specific climate in relation to the other two sub-regions.

A
  • Mainly south of the Ebro in the west of the region
  • 400-500m
  • Warmer and drier than Alavesa but still relatively cool due to Atlantic-maritime influence
9
Q

The three different soil formations of Rioja Alta are best suited to which grape varieties?

A
  • Calcareous clay - Viura
  • Ferruginous clay - Tempranillo
  • Alluvial - Malvasia
10
Q

Name the two most important towns in Rioja Alta.

A
  • Haro

- Logrono

11
Q

Where is Rioja Baja located? At what altitude? How does its climate relate to the other two sub regions?

A
  • South of the river Ebro to the east of the region
  • 300m
  • Much hotter and drier than the other regions - semi-arid in places
12
Q

Where is the region of Navarra located? At what altitudes does itv vineyards range

A

Northeast of Rioja Baja over the River Ebro. Vineyards run from the river valley floor up to the Pyrenean foothills in the north. 250-650m

13
Q

What is the climate of Navarra? What is the annual temperature range of Navarra and what problems can this cause?

A
  • Broadly continental
  • Summer 28°C to Winter -20°C
  • Winter temperatures can cause vine death
14
Q

What are the sunshine hours and annual rainfall of Navarra?

A
  • Rainfall ranges from 400mm in the south to 600mm in the north
  • Sunshine hours are 2200h to 2500h
15
Q

What is the generalised soil type of Navarra?

A

Loam over gravel with limestone bedrock, although it does vary considerably in the sub-regions.

16
Q

Describe the location of Somontano, what does the word mean?

A

In the northeast of the country close to the Pyrenees. The name means ‘under the mountains’

17
Q

Explain the positioning of the vineyards of Somontano. At what altitudes are they?

A
  • Vineyards are positioned on the rolling hills and terraces of the Pyrenean foothills down to the Ebro and in the valleys themselves. Altitudes range from 350m - 650m
18
Q

What is the climate of Somontano (making it what?) and what are the two major factors that influence it?

A

Mild continental, making it one of Spains only relatively cool climate areas. The major influencing (cooling) characters are the Pyrenees and the River Vero.

19
Q

What are the annual rainfall and sunshine hours of Somontano?

A
  • 350-650mm

- 2700h

20
Q

What are the soil types found in Somontano?

A

Chalk, sandstone and clay, all rich in calcium carbonate ideal for vine growing.

21
Q

Where is Calatayud?

A

South of Navarra to the west of Carinena on either side of the Ebro tributary the River Jalon

22
Q

What is the climate of Calatayud? The hottest upper Ebro region is vines escape the heat by being planted at what altitudes?

A
  • Continental, semi-arid in places

- Vines are planted at 550-1040m

23
Q

What is the temperature range, annual rainfall and sunshine hours of Calatayud?

A
  • Annual temperature range 39°C to -8°C
  • 340mm
  • 1786h
24
Q

What is the soil type of Calatayud?

A

Brown limestone over slate and gypsum

25
Q

Where is Carinena situated? At what altitude are its vineyards?

A

To the east of Calatayud in the south of the Ebro Valley. This is the centre of Aragon on a plane called the Campo de Carinena. 400-800m

26
Q

What is the climate of Carinena and what factors influence it?

A
  • Continental, hot summers up to 38°C

- The wind the Cierzo which helps cool the vineyards but is strong enough to cause problems from vines

27
Q

What is the soil of Carinena?

A

Reddish-brown limestone over a loose rock subsoil rich in calcium carbonate