Flashcards in Geography Test 18th August 2017 Deck (30):
Name the 7 continents
Australia, Europe, Antarctica, North America, South America, Africa, Asia
Name the 5 major oceans
Pacific, Arctic, Indian, Antarctic, Atlantic
Do the lines of latitude run horizontally or vertically?
What are the five main lines of latitude?
Arctic Circle, Tropic of Cancer, Equator, Tropic of Capricorn, Antarctic Circle
What are the tree types of scales on a map?
Ratio, word or linear
What does BOLTSS stand for?
Border, Orientation, Legend, Title, Source, Scale
Describe the B in BOLTSS
The B stands for border. All maps must have a border, and no feature of the map can sit outside the border. The border must have straight edges and may need to be extended if you are adding more information.
Describe the O in BOLTSS
The O stands for orientation. The orientation shows direction on a map by having a North arrow or the four cardinal points on the compass. North must be facing upwards. This enables us to locate direction on a map.
Describe the L in BOLTSS
The L stands for legend. The legend explains the symbols used to represent features or objects. The key unlocks the meaning of symbols, colours, numbers or shading on a map.
Describe the T in BOLTSS
The T stands for title. The title names the pace a map is representing. It must appear at the top of the map within the border.
Describe the S in BOLTSS
One of the S's represent the scale. The scale represents the relationship between a unit of length on a map and the corresponding length over ground. Most things that maps represent have to be reduced in size to be drawn on an A3 or A4 piece of paper, but they have to be drawn to scale. A scale must be drawn on the map.
Describe the S in BOLTSS
The second S means source. The source of a map must be shown so that the reader knows how reliable the information is.
What is geography?
The study of Earth and its people
What is geography used for?
Architecture, city plans, future earth
Why study geography?
To understand how geography has played important roles in the evolution of people, their ideas, places and environments.
What are some types of maps?
Physical, political, dot distribution, flow, choropleth, topographic, weather, thematic
What is a physical map?
A map that shows the location and names of natural features of the earth
What is a political map?
A map that shows the location and names of built things eg. Australia, NSW or Sydney
What does a dot distribution map show?
The dots show the location and size of different features eg. Melbourne compared to Dubbo
What does a flow map show?
The movement from one place to another. Thicker lines represent more quantities whereas thinner lines represent less. Eg. More students in 7A travel to school from Glen Iris than those who travel from Camberwell so the line from Glen Iris to Sacré Cœur would be thicker.
What does a choropleth map show?
Different shades of colour to represent different amounts of things. Darker shades show greater amounts, lighter shades show less amounts.
What do topographic maps show?
The shape of the land using contour lines. Other natural and human features are shown.
What do weather maps show?
Conditions in the atmosphere eg. Air pressure, wind speed, direction
What do thematic maps show?
A particular theme or topic eg. Coal, gas, forests
What are the cardinal points on a compass?
North, East, South, West
What are the inter-cardinal points on a compass?
NE, SE, SW, NW
What are the inter-inter-cardinal points on a compass?
NNE, ENE, ESE, SSE, SSW, WSW, WNW, NNW
What does SPICESS stand for?
Space, place, interconnection change, environment, sustainability, scale
What ways do lines of longitude run?