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Lucianna's Program > Geology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Geology Deck (145)
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1

gaucho

national symbol of Argentina -- (like the cowboy to the American west) -- usually depicted in a colorful poncho and on horseback -- signifying manly independence and self-reliance

2

Caracas

Venezuela's capital city

3

Bogota (accented "a")

Columbia's capital city

4

selva

rain forest -- In Brazil, this term refers to the Amazon rain forest, although there are many places that can be called la selva

5

favela

term for slums of Brazil -- a slum is a term for a poor and overcrowded neighborhood

6

uranium

a mineral used to make fuel rods for nuclear energy

7

escarpment

steep, rough and jagged cliff

8

Lake Chad

A shallow fresh water body bordering Niger, Nigeria, Cameroon, and Chad. It's size varies greatly during periods of high and low rainfall.

9

Kilimanjaro

The highest mountain in Africa, its name translates to "shining mountain" in Swahili, stands in Tanzania.

10

plateaus

raised, fairly flat areas of land. In Africa, the lands south of the Sahara Desert are full of plateaus which give the land it's 1000+ meter elevation.

11

canopy

a term for the leaf cover of trees within a rainforest. It's like an umbrella that protects animals and plants from the hot sun

12

ocean breezes

The Namib desert lies close to the Atlantic Ocean and is cooled by the airflow over the waters.

13

ecotourism

The allowing of visitors to experience natural places like rainforests, which can bring economic opportunity and an incentive to protect these places from destructive development.

14

national parks

Lands where development is forbidden by government authority in order to protect wildlife that are endangered. On the African savanna, the Tembe National Elephant Park protects elephant population from the threats of the ivory trade.

15

higher altitude

Brings cooler temperatures. Mountain air is cooler. In the countries of East Africa, the average temperatures are cooler because of their land elevation.

16

apartheid

a law which separated people by race in South Africa. It limited the rights of non-white members of South African society.

17

nationalism

the desire to form an independent country by a particular people

18

King Ezana

The Axumite ruler (now modern Sudan) who embraced Christianity and increased the power of his kingdom

19

Mansa Musa

ruler of the Mali empire. Made Timbuktu the center of trade, education and Islamic culture. The richest man in the history of the world.

20

discrimination

unequal treatment of a group by a more powerful group

21

extended families

household made up of several generations

22

clan

large group of people united by a common ancestor in the far past

23

lineage

large family group with close blood ties

24

urbanization

the movement of people from rural areas to cities

25

malnutrition

poor health from not eating the right foods or not eating enough food

26

Arabic

language spoken by most people of the Sahel countries

27

English

language spoken when people do business in Nigeria

28

Lagos

largest city in Nigeria

29

Abuja

capital of Nigeria

30

Abidjan

where people of Cote d'Ivoire go to find work