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Lucianna's Program > Geology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Geology Deck (145)
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91

weather

changes in temperature, wind direction and speed, and air moisture over a short period of time

92

biome

area with certain types of plants and animals

93

climate

predictable patterns of weather

94

currents

streams of warm and cold water in the ocean

95

trench

a deep cut in the ocean floor

96

precipitation

water that falls to the ground from the sky

97

continental shelf

an underwater plateau off the coast of a continent

98

evaporation

when water changes from liquid to gas

99

condensation

when water changes from gas to liquid

100

erosion

movement of rock by water, wind, and ice

101

crust

part of the Earth that includes the continents

102

mantle

layer of hot, dense rock surrounding the Earth's core

103

magma

melted rock that is called lava when it comes from a volcano

104

plate tectonics

explains how the continents move

105

summer solstice

day with the most hours of sunlight in the Northern Hemisphere

106

revolution

Earth's complete circuit around the sun

107

equinoxes

two days when day and night are of equal length in both hemispheres

108

axis

imaginary line passing through the center of Earth from the North Pole to the South Pole

109

orbit

path of each planet around the sun

110

Global Positioning System

system that uses radio signals to record the exact location of every place on Earth

111

environment

natural surroundings

112

Geographic Information Systems

system of computer hardware and software that gathers, stores, and analyzes geographic information

113

geography

study of Earth and its people

114

absolute location

exact spot on Earth where a geographic feature is found

115

renewable

resources like wind, water, and forests

116

economic system

determines what goods and services to produce, how to produce them, and who will receive them

117

newly industrialized

moving toward developed economies

118

nonrenewable

resources like iron ore and coal that are limited in supply

119

quota

limit on how much of a particular product can be imported from a certain nation

120

Andes

ends in a series of steep cliffs