German Terms Flashcards Preview

Germany > German Terms > Flashcards

Flashcards in German Terms Deck (60):
1

Define Abfüller

bottler or shipper who assumes the responsibility for the origin and quality of a wine

2

Define Absetzen

The process settling of solids (dead yeast cells, leftover grape skin fragments, etc.) to the bottom of a vat of wine or must. Also known as debourbage in France

3

Define Alleinbesitz

A vineyard which is owned by only one owner (similar to a monopole in France).

4

Define Alte Reben

Old Vines

5

Definie Amtliche Prüfungsnummer

commonly referred to as the AP#; a quality control number on all QbA and QmP wines. The number contains the Exam Board number, commune number, producers registered number, an application number and the year of the application. Some producers use the application number as a sequential indication of sweetness.

6

Define Anreicherung

Broad term for sweetening must before or during fermentation. Whereas chaptalization means the addition of sugar only, enrichment also includes the addition of grape must, concentrated grape must, and RCGM (Rectified concentrated grape must).

7

Define Badisch Rotgold

A rotling (Rosé wine that is produced from a mixture of red and white varieties) from the Baden region. Made from Grauburgunder (min. 51%) and Spatburgunder grapes. Composition must be declared on label.

8

Define Biologische Sãureabbau

Malolactic fermentation.

9

Define Deutscher Sekt

sparkling wine made by any method from grapes grown in Germany

10

Define Edelfäule

noble rot

11

Define Einzellage

Single vineyard

12

Define Einzelpfahlerziehung

A vine individually trained to a single stake . Used on very steep slopes such as the Mosel.

13

Define Erste Gewächs

legal term used for dry wines in the Rheingau from the best vineyards

14

Define Erzeugerabfüllung

grown and produced by the same grower or cooperative

15

Define Federweisser

Unfiltered must containing CO2 and yeast that is still in the process of fermenting. An autumn specialty served with onion quiche or roasted chestnuts

16

Define Feinherb

half-dry, no legal definition

17

Define Flaschengärung

bottle-fermented sekt

18

Define Flurbereinigung

restructuring of German vineyards

19

Define Füder

1000-liter cask common in the Mosel

20

Define Gerbstoff

Tannin

21

Define Grosses Gewächs

VDP classification of dry wines from the best vineyards, must be Spätlese ripeness

22

Define Grosslage

A collection of vineyards; misleading term for inexpensive wines

23

Define Grosser Ring

Mosel growers association

24

Define Gutsabfüllung

grown, produced and bottled by the same person/estate

25

Define Halbtrocken

half-dry, generally less than 18 g/L residual sugar

26

Define Handgerüttelt

Hand Riddled

27

Define Hauptlese

The main Harvest

28

Define Kellerei

Wine cellar (or wholesaler)

29

Define Kelter

Wine press

30

Define Keuper

Clay and slate soil.

31

Define Lehm

Loam soil

32

Define Leiblich

Medium-sweet

33

Define Mergel

Heavy Loam

34

Define Mostgewicht

Must weight which is the weight of sugar in the grapes at the time of the harvest

35

Define Reinzuchthefen

Pure culture yeasts. Used by growers afraid of risk, hence stuck fermentations

36

Define Restzucker

Residual sugar

37

Define Rotling. Give three examples.

Rosé wine that is produced from a mixture of red and white varieties. A Rotling must have pale red or clear red color. Rotling category comprises schillerwein from Württemberg, Baden's Badisch Rotgold, and Sachsen's Schielerwein.

38

Define Rotliegendes

Reddish slate.

39

Define Stück

1200 liter cask commonly used in the Rheingau

40

Define Schneewein

Snow wine; a term used to describe an ice wine made from grapes gathered when snow covered the vineyards.

41

Define Schielerwein

A rotling from Sachsen

42

Define Schneewein

snow white; another reference to ice wine; refers to when grapes are covered in snow

43

Define Schillerwein

A rotling from Württemburg

44

Define Schloss

German word for castle; on a wine label it is equivalent to the French word "Chateau."

45

Define Schotter

Gravel

46

Define Sonnenuhr

A sundial often very large on steep vineyard sites.

47

Define Spontangärung

German tasting term for wines made by spontaneous fermentation versus wines inoculated by cultured yeasts. The former has an earthiness versus the cleaner fruit-forward smells of selected yeasts.

48

Define Steillage

Literally: steep site. A vineyard with an inclination of more than 30%

49

Define Spritzig

German term for the taste sensation of a wine which contains just enough CO2 to be apparent on the tongue as a prickly sensation (but not enough to be obviously sparkling).

50

Define Ton

Clay

51

Define Trocken

dry; generally 4 g/L or less but residual sugar but can be up to 9 g/l if total acidity is within 2 g/l of total residual sugar

52

Define Vorlese

A pre-harvest before the main harvest to eliminate rotten or defective bunches.

53

Define Weinkellerei

Wine cellar or winery.

54

Define Weinberg

German for vineyard.

55

Define Weinsäure

Tartaric acid

56

Define Weissherbst

rosé from a single variety of red grape

57

Define Winzer

A wine grower

58

Define Winzergenossenschaft

Co-op

59

Define Zentralkellerei

A central cooperative that gets its wine or must from smaller cellars in the area and blends, produces and bottles the wines.

60

Perlwein

Germanyt Half Sparkling. Equivalent to Frizzante.