WSET Diploma: Unit 3: Germany > Germany > Flashcards
German widow who made the Mosel’s first TBA in 1921
French emperor who secularised many of Germany’s finest vineyards
What is the maximum yield for Erste Lage VDP wines from 2012 forward?
In which Anbuagebiet does the message in a bottle producer consortium operate?
Where is the village of Westhofen?
What is Testerbrand?
German pomace spirit
Integrieter Pflanzenschutz (Ger)
Type of viticulture that threats the ground and planet as humanly as possible
On the lees
Guyot Trellis System
Remodelling of vineyards to make them easier to harvest, this reduced the overall number of vineyards but not the size practiced on a massive scale.
Commune or village
A vine trained to an individual stake, this is used on very steep slopes
Individual vineyard site
Botrytis Cinerea Infected Grapes
Maturation of wines
Sweetening the must before or during fermentation, enriching the must.
Alte Reben (Ger)
German scale for measuring must weight
Qualitatswein regions (Ambaugebiete)
Mosel- Saar- Ruwer, Rheingau, Rheinhessen, Rheinpfalz (Phalz), Nahe, Mittelrhein, Franken, Hessiche Bergstrasse, Ahr, Baden, Württemberg, Sachsen, Salle- Unstrut,
Place the following in order from largest to smallest: Anbaugebeit, Bereich, Einzallage, Grosslage
Anbaugebeit, Bereich, Grosslage, Einzellage
What are the Mosel, the Saar and the Ruwer?
Mosel= river, Saar and Ruwer are tributaries of the Mosel
High growth, a Kabinett that has been chaptalized to increase the alcoholic strength
What is Germany’s largest wine growing region according to acreage planted/ according to production number? According to physical size?
Physical size= Baden
What two German wine regions were formally located in East Germany?
Salle- Unstrut and Sachsen
What is the barrel used in the Rheingau and its capacity?
What is the minimum g/L Rs in Halbtrocken?
What is Perlwein?
German wine that is slightly sparkling, due to the carbonation method
What is the most Southernly producing QbA in Germany?
List 3 villages of the Pfalz
What is the largest red wine region in Germany?
Which Northernly German wine region is best known for its Red wines?
Rose made from Spatsburgunder
What does Gutsabfullung indicate on a German wine label? What does Erzeugerabfullung indicate?
Both basically mean estate bottles, Gutsabfullung from an Einzellage, Erzeugerabfullung from Grosslage
Why are most German vineyards located near rivers or lakes?
For ambient heat, sun reflecting off of rivers.
Which German wines are bottled traditionally in green glass, brown glass and Bocksbeutels?
Green= Mosel, Bocksbeutel= Franken, Brown= Rhine wine
Define the following terms: suss, trocken, Halbtrocken, Feinherb, Classic Selection
Suss= sweet, trocken= dry, Halbtrocken= half dry or off dry, Feinherb= off dry, or half dry, classic= dry wine from a traditional grape varietal, selection= hand selected dry wine from Einzellage
What is the difference between a QbA and a QmP?
QmP may not be chaptalized
What is Edelfaule?
Noble rot, botrytis affected grapes
What is the German wine for sparkling wine?
What is the difference between Deutscher Tafelwine and Tafelwine?
Deutscher means all of the grapes grown in Germany
Eiswein is always influenced by botrytis, true or false?
What does Erzeugerabfullung mean?
German word meaning producer bottled
13 QbA regions
Ahr, Baden, Franken, Hessiche- Hegstrasse, Mittelrhein, Mosel- Saar- Ruwar, Nahe, Pfalz, Rheinhessen, Rheingau, Salle- Unstrut, Sachen, Wuttemberg
Where would you find the villages of Forst, Ungstein and Diedesheim?
What was the better vintage for German Riesling: 1957, 1958 or 1959?
Germany’s Ahr valley is best known for what variety?
What is Obstler?
A German spirit made from two or more types of fruit, historically produced from fallen fruit in traditional mixed orchards.
What is the minimum must weight required to produce Spatlese Riesling in the Mosel?
80 degrees Oeschle
What is Tresterbrand?
German pomace spirit
What does Halbtrocken indicate on a German bottle?
Half dry, with a maximum 18 grams per litre of residual sugar
What does classic mean on a German wine label?
What % of wine must come from the selected source if a Bereich, Grosslage or Einzerllage is mentioned on the label?
Commune, does not have legal status in Germany
What region in Germany are Kaiser Stuhl and Tuniberg located in?
District within a quality region, consisting of several communes.
Group of adjusting v/yard
In what region and country are Forst and Deidesheim?
Pfalz region, Germany
What region/ country is Nierstein located in?
Define Trocken and Halbtrocken
Halbtrocken- Off- Dry
Rudesheim, Geisenheim, Johannisberg
Kabinett Spatlese Auslese Beerenauslese Eiswein Trockenbeernauslese
Beerkastel, Piesport, Saar, Ruwer
Mosel region of Germany
Germany winemaking (allowable must adjustments)
Chaptalisation allowed for all but QmP wines.
Sussreserve (sterile grape juice) can be used @ bottling
Germany grapegrowing (ie Best v/yards sites)
Best v/ yards sited near rivers to aid frost protection, planted on steep south- and Sth- East facing slopes to maximise exposure to the sun. High yields for v/ yards planted on plains.
Name main grape (white) and one other white grape
Riesling Muller- Thurgau Silvaner Kerner Scheurebe Rulande (Pinot Gris)
Germany- Name 1 of 2 Main Black Grapes
Spatsburguner (Pinot Noir)
Climate/ Weather/ Soils
Climate- Cool, Continental
Weather- Variable, annual vintage variations due to spring frost, insufficient warmth during growing season and heavy rains in July/ August. Long autumns encourage formation of noble rot.
Soils- Best have heat retaining soils w/ good drainage. Mosel= slate.
What is Grauburgunder?
Where is the white varietal Bacchus planted?
Name some of the big, infamous brands of cheap, sweet, unchallenging (but at least consistent) wines in Germany?
Niersteiner Gutes Dumstal
What is a “Goldkapsel”?
Bottles topped with a gold capsule, found particularly in the Mosel, usually contain a wine deemed superior by the producer to his or her regular bottling. These are typically Auslese wines and will usually display more richness intensity and flavour that the regular bottling. They are also usually more expensive, and have great potential for aging.
Climate in Germany
EU climate Zone A, except Baden. Continental gives warm summers, cold winters.
Rain year long in July and August. Late spring frosts are regular.
Heavy rain and hail during summer. Long autumns, cold Sept slows ripe.
When did Germany’s wine laws come about
Where is the bulk of Germany’s quality (Riesling) wine produced?
Vineyards that yield the greatest wines are concentrated around the river system in the West of Germany near the border with France, the confluence of the Mosel and the Rhine, fed by their tributaries the Saar, Ruwer and Nahe.
Describe AP number.
Adorns every bottle of QmP and QbA.
10 to 12 digit #. It tells the tasting station, vine location, bottlers code, year tasted.
What are the two categories of quality wine in Germany?
- Pradikatswein (QmP)
What’s unusual about the location of Germany’s wine producing regions?
They are in the most Northernly wine region of Europe, crossing latitude 50 degrees north (some as far as 51 degrees north)
What are the levels of geographical classification in Germany.
Einzellage (Individual Vineyard), Grosslage (Group of Vineyard), Gemeinde (commune), Bereich (District within a quality wine region consisting of several communes), Anbaugiet (designated quality region)
What is the German equivalent of Vin De Pays in France?
What are the two categories of German table wine?
Deutscher Tafelwein- from Germany
Euro Tafelwein- From anywhere in EU
What kind of wine is Ahr best known for?
Baden wines are identical to wine of which other Anbaugebiete?
Where are the steepest vineyards in the world?
What are the two most important varietals in Hessische Bergstrasse?
Riesling and Muller- Thurgau
What is the most important grape of Saale- Unstrut?
What is the most important grape of the Mittelrhein?
Name some of the best villages in bereich Saar?
Name some of the best villages in bereich Ruwertal?
Name some of the best villages in bereich Bernkastel?
Wehlen, Bernkastel, Brauneberg, Erden, Graach, Neumagen, Piesport, Trittenheim, Urzig, Zeltingen
Because of the small amount of carbon dioxide gas in the wine when bottled, Mosel wines usually have this quality (German term)
What kind of soil is found in the Mosel and how does it benefit the grapes?
Red slate. Radiates heat onto the grapes day and night helping to ripen them.
Imparts own character to wine.
What is Fleubereinigung?
Relocation of vineyards to improve accessibility of vines
What are the two best single vineyards of the Rheingau?
Schloss Johannisberg and Schloss Volrads
What are where are Bingen, Nierstein and Wonnegau located
Bereichs in Rheinhessen
What is the main wine produced in Rheinhessen?
Where is the bereich Mittelhaardt- Deutsche Weinstrasse?
Which Anbaugebiete is divided into 3 bereichs: Maindreieur, Mainviereck and Steigerwald?
Where are the bereichs of Bernkastel, Burgand, Cochem located?
What are the names of two outstanding vineyards in Franken?
Stein and Leiste
The best Franken wines are produced from vineyards around which town?
Which varietal produces the best Franken wine?
What is the most planted varietal in Franken?
What are the two most important towns in Nahe?
Bad Kreuznach and Schloss Bockelheim
Nahatel is the single Bereich in which Anbaugebiete?
What is the most planted varietal in Nahe?
The best wines of the Pfalz come from a few villages
Bad Durkheim, Deidesheim, Forst, Kallstadt, Neustadt, Wachenhein, Ungstein
What’s the largest producing region in Germany?
What the largest region in terms of land mass in Germany?
What is Liebfraumilch?
Blended QbA wine from the Rheingau, Rheinhessen, Pfalz or Nahe. Must contain 70% of Riesling, Muller- Thurgau, Silvaner or Kerner. Semi sweet.
What’s the main grape varietal of Rheinhessen?
What are the best wines produced in Rheinhessen?
Where is Bereich Johannisberg located?
Which Anbaugebiete is Assmanshausen located?
Which regions of Germany can legally produce Liebraumilch?
Rheingau, Rheinhesse, Pfalz and Nahe
The temp. at which grapes used to make Eiswein are picked
TBA wines are made from these grapes.
Dried up, selected grapes affected by Edelfaule which have been left to shrivel on the vine.
What is Weissherbst?
A rose wine from Baden