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WSET Diploma: Unit 3: Germany > Mosel Valley > Flashcards

Flashcards in Mosel Valley Deck (77):

Mosel Valley

West of Germany, Romans planted so far Nth vines shouldn't be there, planted on slopes where snow melts first. Best slopes South or South- West facing. Heats slate and helps to heat it. Mosel River collects warmth as well.


Microclimates- Mosel Valley

Many different microclimates in v/yards.



Covers the Mosel Valley where it joins the Rhine and he tributaries Saar and Ruwer (until recently region was named Mosel- Saar- Ruwer). Riesling grown on steep slate soils are among Germany's best wines. Finest Einzellagen surround the villages of Piesport, Brauneberg, Bernkastel, Graach, Urzig and Erden, producing wines at all Pradikat levels.
Mosel Riesling is delicate, Saar and Ruwer have steelier acidity and are more robust.


Joh Jos Prum- Region of Production



Joh Jos Prum- Winery Location



Joh Jos Prum- Year Established

While the Prüm family has lived in and around the village of Wehlen since 1156, the Joh. Jos. Prüm (a.k.a. J.J. Prüm) estate was founded in 1911 by Johann Josef Prüm as an offshoot of the original Prüm estate (today known as S.A. Prüm).


Joh Jos Prum- Summary

Johann Josef was the son of Mathais Prüm, whose ancestor Jodocus built the Wehlener and Zeltinger sundials (sonnenuhr). Today, J.J. Prüm is run by father/daughter team Dr. Manfred Prüm, who has been in charge since 1969, and Dr. Katharina Prüm, who joined her father in 2003. Katharina marks the fourth generation to run the winery. The estate is best known for their sweet wines with long aging potential, and the reputation of the property was built on their Goldkapsel Auslese wines and rare Beerenauslese and Trockenbeerenauslese. However, Drs. Manfred and Katharina will insist that they look at the different Prädikat levels not as quality differentiations but merely different styles of wine. J.J. Prüm is a member of the VDP.


Joh Jos Prum- Principal Vineyard Holdings

20 ha., 70% of which are planted to ungrafted vines; 95% Riesling and 5% Optima

- Wehlener Sonnenuhr: Grosse Lage; soil is Devon slate and very stony

- Zeltinger Sonnenuhr: soil is Devon slate and very stony

- Graacher Himmelreich: Grosse Lage; soil is very deep, weathered Devon slate with pockets of blue slate

- Bernkasteler Badstube: soil is weathered Devon slate with portions of blue slate and loam


Joh Jos Prum- Average Total Production

15,000 cases


Joh Jos Prum- Top Wines Produced

- Wehlener Sonnenuhr Rieslings: Kabinett, Spätlese, Auslese and Auslese Goldkapsel

- Graacher Himmelreich Rieslings: Kabinett, Spätlese and Auslese

- Berkasteler Badstube Riesling Auslese


Joh Jos Prum- Inaugural Vintage (for top wines)



Joh Jos Prum- Style / Vinification Techniques

The majority of J.J. Prüm's vines are ungrafted on very steep slopes (some reach a gradient of 80%!). The estate uses mostly ambient yeasts and makes sweeter styled wines. Many consider the J.J. Prum wines unapproachable in their youth, mistaking the young wines' aromas for SO2. However, Dr. Katharina Prüm asserts that these are due to the estate's use of reductive fermentation and aging; she recommends decanting the young wines and notes that the wines show very differently after three to five years of aging.



River which rises in the Vosges Mountains and joins the Rivel Mosel at Konz, near Trier. Downstream from Serrig, Riesling vines grow on slate, resulting in wines of long-standing renown. The Saar’s vineyards are today subsumed under the regional name mosel.



German river, just 40 km/25 miles long with viticultural significance well beyond its size, which rises in the Hunsrück Mountains and flows into the mosel, downstream from Trier. Ruwer wines are similar in structure to those of the saar, but have a touch of earthiness to add individuality.


Mosel- Saar- Ruwer

From 1971 until 2007 the official name, incorporating the names of two major tributaries, that appeared on all labels of wine from the German growing region now known simply as mosel.



English name for the river known in German as the Rhein and French as the Rhin (where it lends its name to the two alsace départements Haut-Rhin and Bas-Rhin). ‘Rhine’ is frequently used as the name for German wines not from the mosel, and is used colloquially by Australians as an abbreviation for Rhine Riesling, their synonym for the riesling grape variety. The word Rhine has been incorporated into a host of names associated in the English-speaking world with white, usually medium dry, but not necessarily at all Germanic, wines.


Mosel (formerly Mosel-Saar-Ruwer) – 8,900ha

o From border with France and Luxembourg along the Mosel river up to the Rhein.

o Predominance of white wine (91% of plantings) and esp. Riesling

o Steep slopes made of slate that absorb the heat and radiate it at night

o Middle Mosel, Saar and the Ruwer are the best areas w finest Einzellage around the villages of Piesport & Bernkastel

o Key producers: Moselland cooperative; Loosen; Max-Ferd Richter (famous for Eiswein).

o Delicate style; steelier acidity and more robust in Saar and Ruwer


What is one of the rarest wines Egon Muller makes?

Their TBA. First made in 1959. Then in 1975, 1976, 1989 and 1990, however due to global warming it is now made every other year.


Egon Muller- Scharzhof: Region of Production



Egon Muller- Schazhof: Winery Location



Egon Muller- Scharzhof: Year Established



Egon Muller- Schatzhof: Summary

Jean-Jacques Koch purchased the Scharzhof farm from the French Republic in 1797. Previously, it belonged to the St. Marien ad Martyres monastery that had existed there since 700 AD. The property was divided among Jean-Jacques’s seven children after his death, and one of his daughters, Elisabeth, married Felix Müller, lending the namesake of today's incarnation. Together, the couple more than doubled their property acreage by the 1850s. The estate has remained in the Müller family ever since; today, it is run by Egon Müller IV, who took over in 1991. The family also now owns a second property known as Le Gallais in Kanzem, thanks to an agreement made in 1954 by Egon III with the Le Gallais family; through this, they also own the monopole Braune Kupp in Wiltingen. They have been members of the VDP since 1910, and they grow only Riesling.


Egon Muller- Scharzhof: Principal Vineyard Holdings

16 ha total, three of which contain ungrafted vines

- Scharzhofberg: 8.3 ha Grosse Lage; soil is weathered grey slate

- Wiltinger Braune Kupp: 4 ha; soil is red and grey slate


Egon Muller- Schazhof: Average Total Production

6,600 cases


Egon Muller- Schazhof: Top Wines Produced

- Scharzhofberg Rieslings: Kabinett, Spätlese, Auslese, Beerenauslese, Trockenbeerenauslese, Eiswein

- (Le Gallais) Braune Kupp Rieslings


Egon Muller- Scharzhof: Inaugural Vintages

The Beerenauslese and Trockenberenauslese were both made for the first time in 1959.


Egon Muller- Scharzhof: Style/ Vinification Techniques

The focus of the Egon Müller estate is on sweet wines; in fact, they do not make a trocken wine. The winery welcomes the growth of botrytis in the vineyards (it's even allowed into the eisweins), and they claim not to pick by must weight but by the ripeness of grape flavors. The Scharzhofberg vineyard is on a south-facing slope of pure slate and is one of the cooler sites in Germany, contributing to acidity levels that are quite high. This also explains the estate's penchant for sweeter, fruitier wines. The wines are fermented and aged in fuder, save for the TBA. Egon Müller wines are known for their aging capacity, and Egon IV proudly asserts, “If someone prefers to drink Riesling as young wine, it is not necessary to buy a Scharzhof. These develop their value only with time.”



The Mosel is easily one of the most beautiful places in the world of wine. In particular, the Middle Mosel is a steep protected valley with vineyards of crumbling slate some of which are steeper than a black diamond ski slope. Riesling is king here and the wines combine purity of fruit, delicacy, high acidity and the unmistakable terroir of the vineyard.

Top vineyards: Erdener Prälat, Ürziger Würzgarten, Wehlener Sonnenuhr, Bernkasteler Doctor, Brauneberger Juffer Sonnenuhr, Piesporter Goldtröpchen

Producers: Dr. Loosen, J.J. Prüm, Wegeler, Frtiz Haag, Rheinhold Haart


Who is Dr Loosen's mother related to?

JJ Prum


What type of slates are in the Mosel?

Grey/ Blue Slate
Brown Slate
Red Slate


How long has mono varietals been planted in the Mosel?

About 200 years old, due to field blends


What is a kellermeiser?

A winemaker/ cellar master


Where is the Vineyard Urziger Wurzgarten?

It is a GC Vineyard in the Mosel


What is the vineyard Wehlener Sonnenuhr in the Mosel named after?

The Sundial in the Vineyard


What year was Egon Muller established in Saar?



What does Erst Lage mean?

First Growth- 1868 Prussion classification of the Mosel


What was the Mosel known as until August 1, 2007?

Mosel- Saar- Ruwer


What is the Mosel known for?

Pure, light, low alcohol Rieslings and is well known for the slate slopes the vines inhibit


What attributes do Mosel Rieslings have?

Green apple fruit, Slate and candlewax. Usually not tipping more than 8% alcohol, with racy, high acidity to keep the sweetness balanced.


What does a “reserve” wine with a goldkapsel from the Mosel indicate?

Additional sweetness due to a higher just weight. It is most common at Auslese bottlings


The Goldkapsel is_______

A device used by Mosel producers to subvert the 1971 Wines Laws, which ruled on the additional Pradikat levels feine and hochfeine could not be listed on the bottle


What has the Mosel experienced in the last 15 years?

Almost unbroken Warmer vintages. This coupled with better colonial selections suited to cool weather, has helped to provide higher average must weights than in the past.


Where does the Mosel river emerge from?

The Vosges Mountains in France and flows eastwards into Germany. The river then flows into the tributaries of Saar and Ruwer, until it joins with the Rhine at Koblenz, which marks the end of the Mosel Valley.


How many bereiche is the Mosel divided into?

Bernkastel, Burg Cochem, Saar, Ruwertal, Obermosel and Moseltor


What is the largest bereich in the Mosel?

The Bernkastel. It occupies a stretch of the Mosel from Trier to Zell.


Blue Devonian Slate dominates most vineyards of the Mosel, except for near Erden which is?

Dominated by Red Slate


What is the annual average temperature of the Mosel?

9 degrees celcius (49 degrees Fahrenheit)


What side of the river is the best for vineyards to face in the Mosel?

South facing


What are two lesser grosslagen in Bernkastel in the Mosel?

Badstube and Michelsberg. The former can be the site of decent wines sourced from the region around Bernkastel- Kues, the later is more commercial and not highly regarded


What is Piesport in the Mosel’s greatest vineyard?

Goldtropfchen- the droplets Of gold. These are a world away from Wines labeled Piersporter Michelsberg


What are the sundial vineyards of the Mosel?

Juffer- Sonnenuhr, Wehlener Sonnenuhr, Zeltinger Sonnenuhr, Brauneberger Juffer- Sonnenuhr


What does Urziger Wurzgarten mean (Mosel)?

The spice garden


What are the great vineyards of Erden (Mosel)?

Pralat and Treppchen. Pralat is one of the warmest sites in the Mosel.


Where does the Saar bereich cover?

It covers the vineyards surrounding a portion of the Saar river, a tributary of the Mosel south of Trier.


Is the Saar Valley cooler than the Mittelmosel?

Yes even though it is more Southerly. This is due to its higher altitude.


Most years the acid in Saar Wines can be pretty high. Except for?

2003 and 2005. These were hotter years and provided more rounder Wines.


Where is the Ruwertal bereich located?

North-east of the Saar Valley, stretching from Waldrach to the village of Ruwer, where the Ruwer tributary- a stream, really- joins the Mosel.


What are the two amazing vineyards along the Ruwer that also happen to be monopoles?

Maximin Grunhauser Abstberg (part of a trio of monopoles owned by the von Schubert- Grunhaus) and Etelsbacher Karthauserhofberg, owned by Karthauserhof


What did the Burg Cochem Bereich used to be called?

Zell, which includes the lower Mosel Valley from Zell north to Koblenz. This area is sometimes called the Terrassenmosel


Mosel: Important Gemeinden and Einzellagen

- Saar
Wiltingen: Scharzhofberger
Saarburg: Rausch

- Ruwer
Eitelsbach: Karthäuserhofberg
Mertesdorf: Abtsberg, Herrenberg, Bruderberg

- Mosel
Trittenheim: Apotheke
Piesport: Goldtröpfchen, Domherr
Brauneberg: Juffer, Juffer Sonnenuhr
Bernkastel-Kues: Doctor, Lay
Graach an der Mosel: Domprobst, Josephshöfer (monopole of Reichsgraff von Kesselstatt)
Wehlen: Sonnenuhr
Zeltingen: Sonnenuhr
Ürzig: Würzgarten
Erden: Prälat, Treppchen


How is Wehlener Sonnenhuhr pronounced?

vay- len- er zon- en- ooer
The Sundial of Wehlen


Why is Wehlener Sonnehuhr so special?

It is a steep and rocky vineyard which yields some of the most elegant and sophisticated white wines in the world. It also has the purest blue slate of the Mosel. This helps with minerality and crisp acid


Are all of Dr Loosen’s 7 vineyards designated as Erst Late?



What is so special about the Erst Lage classification?

It is the equivalent of Burgundy’s Grand Cru system and predates this system. It was founded in 1868.


What is so special about the Mosel’s Blue Slate?

It is rich in potassium, this helps to provide vital nutrients. This helps to provide a pronounced mineral edge and enhances minerality and acidity to the riesling grown there.


In the Mosel’s thin topsoil helps to provide____________

It forces the vines to dig deep through the cliff for water and nutrients


GG Wines in Germany are always?

Dry and are hand picked


Vintage in the Mosel is only hand picked because?

It is so steep



Kabinett is the lightest, most delicate style of Riesling in Germany, produced from the earliest harvested grapes in the best vineyard sites.



Spatlese is German for “late picked”. It has more richness and body than Kabinett because the grapes are allowed to ripen for an extra week or more. The extra hang time on the vine allows for greater development of flavour and aromas


What are Dr Loosen’s 6 GG vineyards in the Mosel?

Urziger Wurzgarten
Erdener Pralat
Erdener Treppchen
Graacher Domprobst
Graacher Himmelreich
Bernkastler Lay


Zeltinger Sonnenuhr- Mosel

- Borders the Nth Of Whelener Sonnenuhr
- Warmer Site, with a large percentage of ungrafted vines
- Prum’s parcel Alte Reben vines (60-70 yr old), near the sundial
- Sold to be the hardest working wines, due to the young slates lowest water holding capacity (vines have to work overtime to achieve the same levels of concentration as the vineyards)


Whelener Sonnenuhr- Mosel

- Very much the vineyard attached to JJ Prum
- JJ Prum: 5ha, ungrafted vines- thin topsoil over pure blue slate
- Some areas the vines are in pure rock
- Highest pure stone content, along with Zeltinger Sonnenuhr, is the steepest of Prum’s blue- chip vineyard- dizzying 65-70% gradient
- Forrest at the top acts as a natural water regulator


Graacher Himmelreich- Mosel

- Usually racy acids, pronounced minerality and different fruit aromas and flavours
- Usually accessible earlier than Whelener Sonnenuhr and are deliciously mouthwatering
- Hill faces more westwards, south-west exposed, not quite as steep and possess deeper soils than Whelener Sonnenuhr (excellent water reservoirs)
- Gradient 45-65% Soils (if they can be called that) weathered Devonian slate, with some blue slate


Bernkasteler Badstube- Mosel

- Border those of Graacher Himmelreich slopes on a shallower gradient, with deeper soils than Graacher and Whelener
- Wst orientation allows longer exposure to the afternoon sun
- Produces wonderful floral, delicate and natural wine
- Wines are more delicate than the siblings from the Graacher Himmelreich and Whelener Sonnenuhr


Auslese Wines

Don’t always taste sweeter. Have more acidity to match higher ripeness- more powerful. Work well with fruit desserts, matched better with pork, game birds or spiced meats. Work well with tarts (savoury), roast chicken, all sausages, based on pork or venison. Perfect with cheese as well.


Goldkapsel- Mosel

Basically limited edition small production lots of the best Auslese of a vintage. Stronger selected grapes, higher concentration of juice, usually has some Botrytis/ Noble rot, capable of lasting for many decades. With time they lose their sweetness and gain more elegance, harmony and the complex profile of depth come to the forefront. These wines are known for their golden capsule and have become some of the most envied Riesling on the planet.