GFRC - human growth and development Flashcards Preview

GRFC > GFRC - human growth and development > Flashcards

Flashcards in GFRC - human growth and development Deck (67)
Loading flashcards...
1

Development

Refinement and acquisition of skills

2

Embryonic development

Development that happens in the first two months

3

Fetal development

Development that happens after the first 2 months

4

Gestational age of fetus

38 weeks to 42 weeks
(premature

5

Conceptional age of fetus

Since conception

6

Maternal infections

[SToRCH]
Syphilis
Toxoplasmosis
Rubella
Cytomegalovirus
Herpes simplex

7

GP(FPAL)

Gravida
Parity
Full term
Pre-term
Abortion
Live birth

8

APGAR scale

Appearance
Pulse
Grimace
Activity
Respiration

9

Head circumference

Glabella to occipital protuberance

Birth: 35cm
At 4 months: 41cm
At 12 months: 47cm
Adult: 57cm

+0.25cm per month on 5th to 12th month

10

Head to trunk circumference ratio

CC
=1 year: HC=CC
>1 year: HC

11

Center of gravity

Child: Xiphoid process
Adult: 1" anterior to S2

12

Height

Birth: 50cm
Adult: Twice that of the child at 2 years old

13

Newborn weight

Average: 3.5kg
Range: 2.5kg to 4.5kg

14

Positional evolution of knee

Newborn: Moderate genu varum
6 months: Minimal genu varum
1 year and 7 months (19 months): Straight legs
2 years and 6 months (30 months) : Physiologic genu valgum
Adult: Straight legs with normal toe-out

15

Eric Erickson's stages of development

Trust vs mistrust
Autonomy vs shame and doubt
Initiative vs guilt
Industry vs inferiority
Identity vs identity confusion
Intimacy vs isolation
Generativity vs stagnation
Integrity vs despair

16

Piaget's stages of cognitive development

Sensorimotor: immature reflex - birth to 2 months
Preoperational: symbolic language - 2 months to 7 months
Concrete operations: logical thinkung - 7 months to 11 months
Formal operations: abstract thinking - 11 months onwards

17

IQ scoring

>130: very superior/ genius
120-129: superior
110-119: above average
90-109: average
80-89: below average
70-79: borderline
50-69: mild MR (moron)
35-49: moderate MR (imbecile)
20-34: severe MR (idiot)
10-19: profound MR (idiot)

18

Babinski reflex

Age: 0 month - 12 months
Stimulus: Stroke lateral plantar aspect
Response: Extension of big toe and fanning of toes

19

Flexor withdrawal reflex

Age: 0 month - 2 months
Stimulus: Quick sharp pressure to sole or palm
Response: Withdrawal of extremity

20

Crossed extension reflex

Age: 0 month - 2 months
Stimulus: Quick sharp pressure to sole
Response: Withdrawal of I/L extremity, extension of C/L extremity

21

Galant (trunk incurvation) reflex

Age: 0 month to 2 months
Stimulus: Stroke along paravertebral line from scapula to top of iliac crest
Response: Trunk lateral flexion towards stimulated side

22

Rooting reflex

Age: 0 month - 3 months
Stimulus: Stroke peri-oral region
Response: Head turn towards stimulus, mouth open

23

Moro reflex

Age: 0 month - 4 months
Stimulus: Sudden neck extension
Response: Shoulder flexion, abduction, elbow extension, followed by shoulder adduction, elbow flexion, cry
NOTE: last to be tested

24

Palmar grasp reflex

Age: 0 month - 4 months
Stimulus: Pressure against palm
Response: Grasp with slow release

25

Asymmetric tonic neck reflex

Age: 0 month - 5 months
Stimulus: Head rotation
Response: UE extension on chin side, UE flexion on occiput side

26

Sucking reflex

Age: 0 month - 6 months
Stimulus: Touch lips, tongue, palate
Response: Automatic sucking

27

Tonic labyrinthine reflex

Age: 0 month - 6 months
Stimulus: Prone / supine
Response: Increased flexor tone / increased extensor tone

28

Startle reflex

Age: 0 month - 6 months
Stimulus: Loud noise, sudden light or cold stimulus
Response: Whole body jerk, or shoulder extension and abduction, followed by shoulder adduction

29

Placing reaction

Age: 0 month - 6 months
Stimulus: Drag dorsum of foot or hand against edge of table
Response: Placing of foot or hand on edge of table

30

Plantar grasp

Age: 0 month - 9 months
Stimulus: Pressure against sole, place foot on floor
Response: Curling of toes