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Flashcards in GI Deck (43):
1

What bonds can alpha amylase break

Alpha 1-4 non terminal bonds

2

What enzyme is needed for monosaccharide production

Sucrase isomaltase

3

How are monosaccharides absorbed and released into blood

SGLT1 and GLUT 5 absorb and GLUT 2

4

Info about CCK

Released by duodenum, and causes pancreatic and gallbladder release

5

Info about somatostatin

From D cells in the antrum, caused by fatty acids in chyme, inhibits HCl stimulators.

6

Info about leptin

From adipose tissue and stomach and signals satiety

7

Where are GIST tumours

ICCs

8

Example of muscarinic antagonist

Pirenzepine

9

What cures type 2 diabetes

Gastric bypass

10

Hepatic liver tests

ALT and AST

11

Post hepatic liver tests

GGT and ALP

12

Liver synthesis tests

Albumin and PT time

13

What guides T cells to peyers patches

L selectin

14

What are kupffer cells

Macrophages in the liver

15

How do NSAIDs cause peptic ulcers

Damage PGE2 and cause increase in acid

16

Is crohns or UC TNF alpha positive

Crohns

17

Is crohns or UC granulomatous

Crohns is granulomatous

18

What oesophageal cancer is related to GORD

Adeno carcinoma

19

What disease is confirmed by anti-transglutaminase

Coeliac disease

20

How to diagnose lactose malabsorption

Hydrogen test

21

Treatment for hep A

Vaccine but it is usually self limiting

22

Treatment for hep C

Antivirals (triple treatment of ...vir)

23

Treatment for autoimmine hepatitis

Steroids for flare ups and azathioprine for maintenence

24

Treatment for heamochromatosis

Bleed to release iron

25

Key words for gastroparesis

Cannibus, opiates, delayed emptying, early satiety.

26

Treatment for gastroparesis

Liquid diet, little and often

27

Hepatic cancer more dangerous in males

Hepatic adenoma

28

Treatment for hydatid cysts

Drainage or lobectomy

29

Treatment for an abscess

Drain it

30

What papillae on tongue is for temperature

Fungiform

31

What two things are salivons made up of

Secretory acinus and ducts

32

What do the salivary ducts remove?

Sodium and calcium

33

What ion is absorption often dependent on

Sodium

34

Gastroenteritis buzzwords: Cream cakes, symptoms in an hour

Staph aureus

35

What disease has rose spots

Typhoid

36

Gastroenteritis buzzwords: HUS, animals

E.coli

37

Gastroenteritis buzzwords: Eggs and pet reptiles

Salmonella

38

Gastroenteritis buzzwords: Most common cause of gastroenteritis

Campy

39

Gastroenteritis buzzwords:Tropics, cysts in stool, abscess, can effect liver

Ameobiasis

40

Gastroenteritis buzzwords: Salad, bloating and heartburn

Giardia lambia

41

Gastroenteritis buzzwords: Petting zoo, HIV

Cryptosporidium

42

Gastroenteritis buzzwords: Antibiotic induced

C.diff

43

Gastroenteritis buzzwords: Under 3 year old

Rota virus