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Flashcards in Principles Deck (33):
1

Where are spinal nerves located in relation to the vertebrae A|

Below

2

Dermatomes at nipple line, umbilical line and thumb line

T4, T10 and C6

3

What is the collective name for the lumbar and sacral spinal nerves

Cauda equina

4

Three types of joints

Fibrous, cartilagenous and synovial

5

Two types of fibrous joints and examples

Sutures (between bones in the skull) and fibrous sheets (in between other bones like interosseous membrane)

6

Two types of cartilaginous joints and examples

Primary (epiphyseal growth plate and ribs to sternum) and secondary (pubic symphysis and intervertebral disks)

7

5 synovial joints and examples

Pivot (neck), ball and socket (hip), plane (feet and hands), hinge (elbow and knee) and biaxial (ankles and wrists)

8

What nerves are parasympathetic

3, 7, 9 and 10

9

What vertebrae is thyroid gland level

C7

10

What are the inside and outside portions of brain known as

White matter (inside) and grey matter (outside

11

The two blood supplies to the testicle

Testicular artery and pampiniform venous plexus

12

Arteries of the arms going distally

Subclavian, axillary, brachial and then into radial and ulnar

13

What nerves supply the sympathetic division to the heart and lungs

Cardiopulmonary splanchnic nerves

14

What are the proximal ends of the humerous

Greater and less tubericle

15

What are the distal ends of the humerous

Medial and lateral epicondyles

16

What are the proximal ends of the femur

Greater and lesser trochanters

17

What are the distal ends of the femur

Medial and lateral condyles

18

What vertebrae do the larynx and pharynx change into trachea and oesophagus

C6

19

Where does the trachea bifurcate

T5-T7

20

Joint between sternal body and xiphoid process

Xiphisternal joint

21

Artery and vein of the posterior intercostal spaces

Branch of the thoracic aorta and azygous vein

22

Artery and vein of the anterior intercostal spaces

Internal thoracic artery and internal thoracic vein

23

What nerve supplies the serratus anterior and what does it cause

Long thoracic nerve and winged scapula

24

Swollen part of the thoracic duct

Cisterna chyli

25

Ausculation area of the apices, middle lobe and lung bases

Apices: Superior to the medial 1/3rd of the clavicle
Middle lobe: Between ribs 4-6 in mid-clavicular and mid-axillary lines
Bases:Scapular line at T11 vertebral line

26

Where do the medial half of the breasts drain

Parasternal lymph nodes

27

Where do the lateral half od the breasts drain to

Axilliary lymph nodes

28

Three things that make up the temporomandibular joints

Condylar process, mandibular fossa and articular tubericle

29

Muscles around the mouth

Obicularis oris

30

Muscle maintaining faecal continence

Levator ani

31

Intraperitoneal organs

Stomach, appendix, liver, transverse colon, duodenum (1st part), small intestine, pancreas (tail), rectum (upper 1/3rd), sigmoid and spleen

32

What is pharmacodynamics

Drug to body

33

What is pharmacokinetics

Body to drug