Gilded Age - Sheet1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Gilded Age - Sheet1 Deck (64):
1

The people take an elected official out of office

Recall

2

A strike coming from the railroad industry. Railroad workers walked off on the job to protest a 50% wage decrease

Pullman Strike

3

Companies must accurately label ingredients in processed food items

Pure Food and Drug Act

4

Created the Incandescent lightbulb and the phonograph

Thomas Edison

5

The date that the 19th amendment (women's suffrage) was passed

8/26/1920

6

Place immigrants went through on West Coast to become U.S. citizens. More exclusive than Ellis Island

Angel Island

7

Lucretia Mott, Elizabeth Stanton, Susan B. Anthony, and Alice Paul

Leaders of Women's Suffrage

8

First major anti-trust court case. Roosevelt v. Morgan, Roosevelt won

Northern Securities Co. V. United States

9

Created political cartoons. His work led to Boss Tweed being convicted of embezzlement

Thomas Nast

10

1890-1920

When did the Progressive Era last?

11

Professional city manager hired to run each department and report directly to the city council

City Manager Plan

12

Created the airplane

Orville and Wilbur Wright

13

Someone through a bomb into the crowd at a meeting for laborers. A German was blamed and chaos ensued

Haymarket Riot

14

Belief that one's native country and culture is superior to others

Nativism

15

No competition, one person controls the entire market, can charge whatever they want, can pay workers whatever they want

Cons of Monopolies

16

California, Wyoming, Oregon, Colorado, Utah, Idaho, Washington, Kansas, Arizona, Nevada, Montana, Arkansas, Michigan, South Dakota, and Oklahoma

States that Passed Suffrage rights before the 19th amendment

17

Owning every stage of production

Vertical integration

18

Inhaling coal, leather strap around hips made young girls die in childbirth, baskets on head caused bald spots. Children from the age of 5 and up had to work for 12 hours in the dark, surrounded by rats. If they fell asleep, the miners beat them up.

Problems in the mines

19

Illegally transporting alcohol

Bootlegging

20

Created the telephone

Alexander Graham Bell

21

Experts ran different fields of the city

City Commissioner Plan

22

Direct election of Senators

17th Amendment

23

Outlawed creation of monopolies, unions are protected

Clayton Antitrust Act

24

Robber baron/captain of industry, excelled in the oil industry with the help of horizontal integration

John D. Rockefeller

25

Lots of money to give to charity, push technology for better products, provide lots of jobs, and can keep prices low

Pros of Monopolies

26

The date the Women's Suffrage Amendment was originally proposed to Congress

1878

27

Citizens force a legislature to vote on an law

Initiative

28

Robber baron/captain of industry, excelled in the steel industry with the help of vertical integration

Andrew Carnegie

29

Wrote The Octopus which exposed monopolistic railroad practices in California.

Frank Norris

30

Place immigrants went through on East Coast to become U.S. citizens

Ellis Island

31

Jeanette Rankin

First female elected to the House of Representatives

32

Robber baron of the railroads

Cornelius Vanderbilt

33

Model T Ford, Assembly Line

Henry Ford

34

Members of the press that investigated corruption in order to expose problems to the American people.

Muchrackers

35

Created 12 district Federal Reserve Banks

Federal Reserve Act

36

Americans could vote in secret without anyone knowing how they voted

Secret ballot

37

Alcohol is prohibited to be bought, sold, or transported

18th Amendment

38

Good education, safe work environment, efficient workplace, and chance to be politically active

Goals of Progressives

39

Meat processing plants must be inspected

Meat Inspection Act

40

A fire that happened in a sweatshop where women were trapped inside. 114 workers were killed

Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire

41

A party that believed immigrants had to stay in the country for 21 years becoming a citizen, wanted to ban Catholics, and have no foreigners in public office

No-Nothing Party

42

Political, economic, working/living conditions, temperance, and women's suffrage

Major reforms of the Progressive Era

43

Markets expand, natural resources, and labor

Characteristics needed for an industrial revolution

44

The people vote on a law

Referendum

45

Investigated unfair business practices

Federal Trade Act

46

Exposed lynching in the South with her book: Southern Horrors. Lynch Law in All Its Phases. Joined forces with NAACP to fight for federal anti-lynching laws

Ida B. Wells

47

Now the Senators are elected by the people, not the state legislature

Direct election of Senators

48

U.S. President known for being a "trust-buster"

Theodore Roosevelt

49

Children workers, lost fingers and limbs in factory equipment.

Problems in the Factories

50

Check ship for disease, check people for disease, mental testing, legal inspection, possible name change, and liable to become a public charge

Steps of Ellis Island Process

51

Outlawed rebates

Elkins Act

52

Secret bar that existed during prohibition

Speakeasies

53

Jobs, escape persecution, cheaper to get there, civil wars/conflicts

Reasons why Immigrants came to America

54

The rights of a citizen shall not be denied on account of sex

19th Amendment

55

Maximum railroad rates

Hepburn Act

56

Crowded, poor sanitation, disease, poverty, crime

Problems in cities

57

Happened in 1848. First gathering of women's suffrage movement where demands were created. Did not want to be above men, but not below. Did not want rights limited

Seneca Falls Convention

58

A law making it illegal to form a trust that interfered with free trade between states or other countries

Sherman Anti-Trust Act

59

Induction electric motor

Nikola Tesla

60

Morse code, typewriter, sewing machine, refrigerator, sky scrapers, washing machine, and elevator

Inventions of the Gilded Age

61

Towns run by company; difficult to leave

Company towns

62

Robber baron/captain of industry, excelled in the banking industry with the help of a holding company

JP Morgan

63

Eliminate competition

Horizontal integration

64

Wrote The Jungle. Helped pass the Meat Inspection Act and the Pure Food and Drug Act

Upton Sinclair