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Flashcards in Girl Deck Deck (86):
1

total people incarcerated

2.3 million

2

total people on probation

4 million

3

total people on parole

1 million

4

black to white ratio

6:1

5

total people in the U.S.

316 million

6

percent of whites in America

64%

7

percent of Hispanics in America

16%

8

percent of blacks in America

13%

9

percent of whites incarcerated

39%

10

percent of Hispanics incarcerated

19%

11

percent of blacks incarcerated

40%

12

white incarceration rate (per 100,000)

450

13

Hispanic incarceration rate (per 100,000)

831

14

black incarceration rate (per 100,000)

2,306

15

state prisons

holds more than 50% of total incarceration

16

federal prisons

holds less than 10% of total incarceration

17

local jails

holds less than 25% of total incarceration

18

_____ are sitting in jail but not _______.

2/3; convicted

19

34000

youth in adult prisons

20

immigration detention

found guilty of illegal immigration and waiting

21

Maine and Vermont

two states that allow prisoners to vote

22

states that don't allow voting on parole

35

23

states that don't allow voting on probation

31

24

states that don't allow voting with felony convictions (even after completed sentences)

4

25

1. Virginia
2. Kentucky
3. Iowa
4. Florida

four states that don't allow voting with felony convictions (even after completed sentences)

26

unconscious incompetence

first level of intercultural staircase model; being hurtful without intending to

27

conscious incompetence

second level of intercultural staircase model; being hurtful and intending it to be

28

conscious competence

third level of intercultural staircase model; making an active effort not to be hurtful

29

unconscious competence

fourth level of intercultural staircase model; not having to think about being hurtful and not being hurtful

30

homophily

people tend to interact with similar others

31

n-group bias

people tend to treat others more favorably if they are perceived to share the same identity

32

avowed

identity you claim yourself

33

ascribed

identity other people attach to you; things people say about who you are

34

preverbal

communication is _____; what we think about people before, during, and after communication with them impacts how we communicate with them

35

prejudice

the thought process

36

discrimination

the action

37

racism

prejudice + power

38

ready to sign contracts

cultural contract that says "I already know how I feel, no information needed."

39

co-created contracts

cultural contract tha says "I see differences but I am open anyways."

40

culture

learned and shared values, beliefs, and behaviors common to a group of people

41

ethnicity

cultural marker that indicates shared traditions and heritage

42

race

social construct used to classify human beings into separate, value based categories

43

1684

Francois Bernier- first person to write about separating people by race

44

Francois Bernier's separation of race

1. skin color
2. facial features
(European, African, Oriental, Lapps)

45

1795

Johann Friedrich Blumenbach- "Blumenbach's typology"

46

Blumenbach's typology

1. geography
2. observed physical differences
(Caucasian, Americanus, Malays, Afer/Ethiopian)

47

stereotypes

overgeneralization of an entire group or population

48

prejudice (Dusseau)

use stereotypes to make judgments using negative categories

49

discrimination (Dusseau)

act on your prejudice

50

internalized oppression

member of the group that is stereotyped internalizes negative categories

51

nonviolent resistance

practicing of achieving goals through symbolic protests, civil disobedience, and economic or political noncooperation

52

MLK's 1st Fact

not for cowards; "quiet physically, not spiritually"

53

MLK's 2nd Fact

goal is not to defeat or humiliate the opponent, but to create cooperation and community

54

MLK's 3rd Fact

attacks forces of evil not people engaged in evil; "defeat the injustice not the unjust"

55

MLK's 4th Fact

accepts suffering without retaliation and accepts violence but never commits it

56

MLK's 5th Fact

learns to love opponent with unconditional love

57

MLK's 6th Fact

based on belief that universe is moving us toward wholeness and peace

58

1st Way to Fight Hate

to act

59

2nd Way to Fight Hate

join forces

60

3rd Way to Fight Hate

support victims

61

4th Way to Fight Hate

speak up

62

5th Way to Fight Hate

educate yourself

63

6th Way to Fight Hate

create alternative

64

7th Way to Fight Hate

pressure leaders

65

8th Way to Fight Hate

stay engaged

66

9th Way to Fight Hate

teaching acceptance

67

10th Way to Fight Hate

dig deeper
1. education
2. self

68

stress

experienced subjectively; biochemical reaction within the body based on the way we interpret or respond to external pressure

69

responsive behaviors

what can be controlled of stress

70

3 Types of Stress

1. eustress
2. hypostress
3. hyperstress

71

eustress

short term stress that encourages us to take important activities more seriously

72

hypostress

stress that occurs when we are bored or under challenged

73

hyperstress

stress that occurs when too many tasks or responsibilities pile up and you are unable to adapt to the changes

74

Stages of Stress

1. alarm
2. resistance
3. exhaustion

75

resistance

release of hormones that affect you physically and emotionally

76

oxytocin

"fight or flight" hormone; causes feminine to gather and masculine to take action when stressed

77

estrogen

feminine hormone

78

testosterone

masculine hormone; negates oxytocin

79

endorphins

hormones that block feelings of pain

80

serotonin

hormone that turns pain into pleasure

81

dopamine

hormone that is pure pleasure

82

endocannabinoids

hormones that are small enough to cross the blood-brain barrier and cause a high

83

exhaustion

point where no physical or emotional reserves are left

84

overblown conflict

exaggerated reaction with unimportant issue at the focal point

85

conflict proneness

waiting for someone to do wrong

86

contentment/joy

people who focus on joy are not content but people who are content are joyful